Director: Yang Xiaodu; Events January He continued to work his way upward, and by 1995 he had ascended to the post of deputy provincial party secretary. Xi Jinping shaking hands at the APEC summit in Beijing, November 10, 2014. While living in Fujian, Xi married the well-known folksinger Peng Liyuan in 1987. BHR is a multibillion-dollar enterprise. Office of the President announces national security staff reorganization The Office of the President held a press conference on the evening of... Read more . President Donald Trump speaks during a press conference with China's President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 9, 2017. During the Cultural Revolution, however, with his father purged and out of favour, Xi Jinping was sent to the countryside in 1969 (he went to largely rural Shaanxi province), where he worked for six years as a manual labourer on an agricultural commune. 2021. 2019 President Scholarships in China Details. Exceeding their initial fundraising goal, the partners … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Xi-Jinping, BBC News - Profile: China's President Xi Jinping, Xi Jinping - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). President Xi Jinping of China waves from Tiananmen Gate in Beijing during the National Day parade. Xi’s fortunes got another boost in early 2007 when a scandal surrounding the upper leadership of Shanghai led to his taking over as the city’s party secretary. On Jan. 11, Chinese state media reported the first known death from an illness caused by the virus, which had infected dozens of people. Charged with “subversion of state power,” he could … First Vice President – Abdul Rashid Dostum (2014–2020) Second Vice President – Sarwar Danish (2014–present) Azerbaijan Vice President – Mehriban Aliyeva (2017–present) China (People's Republic of China) Vice President – Wang Qishan (2018–present) On 15 November 2012, Xi was elected to the posts of general secretary of the Communist Party and chairman of the CCP Central Military Commission by the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. He has six siblings, four brothers, and two sisters. Xi Jinping was the son of Xi Zhongxun, who once served as deputy prime minister of China and was an early comrade-in-arms of Mao Zedong. During the same legislative session, the NPC also passed other amendments to the constitution, including one that abolished term limits for the country’s president and vice president; this change would allow Xi to remain in office beyond 2023, when he would have been due to step down. In October 2016 the CCP bestowed upon him the title of “core leader,” which previously had been given only to influential party figures Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, and Jiang Zemin; the title immediately raised his stature. The younger Xi’s early childhood was largely spent in the relative luxury of the residential compound of China’s ruling elite in Beijing. Xi Jinping, Rancho Mirage, California, June 8, 2013. Mr. Xi Jinping will be visiting Chennai, India from October 11-12, 2019 for the 2nd Informal Summit. The title of the office (国家主席, Guójiā Zhǔxí) was unchanged in the Chinese text, but a new English translation of "President of the People's Republic of China" has been adopted since 1982, instead of "Chairman of the People's Republic of China". He was born to parents Xi Zhongxun and Qi Xin. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The move marks a hardening of President Trump’s approach to China after high-profile summits with President Xi in April and November 2017. In China. China reported its first death. The office of President of the People's Republic of China, called 国家主席 (Guójiā Zhǔxí) in short, was created in 1954 when the first constitution consolidated the system of government in the People's Republic of China. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Xi’s ideology was later enshrined in the country’s constitution by an amendment passed by the National People’s Congress (NPC) in March 2018. At the time, the title was translated into English as State Chairman. Conference chairman – Wang Yang; Supervision commission. A 2019 report by the United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission, a bipartisan commission within the United States Congress, recommends that the Chinese leader Xi Jinping be called “General Secretary” rather than “President”, arguing that the title "president" incorrectly implies that … The president is currently elected by a plurality voting direct election of the areas administered by the Republic of China for a term of four years. Melissa Albert was a research editor at Encyclopædia Britannica. China had decided to run out the clock on President Trump’s first term, convinced that they would get a much better deal from a future President Biden. The Constitution names the president as head of state and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China Armed Forces … With that promotion, Xi was put on a short list of likely successors to Hu Jintao, general secretary of the CCP since 2002 and president of the People’s Republic since 2003. Xi Jinping. In 1982 Xi gave up that post, choosing instead to leave Beijing and work as a deputy secretary for the CCP in Hebei province. US President Donald Trump said he called Chinese President Xi Jinping a "king" during a state visit to Beijing in 2017 and that the Communist Party leader appeared to … This made him, informally, the paramount leader and the first to be born after the founding of the People's Republic of China. China: Halt the Execution of Renowned Scholar Tashpolat Tiyip Posted September 13, 2019 Dr. Tashpolat Tiyip, a renowned scholar of geography and former president of Xinjiang University (XJU), is suspected to be at risk of execution as he nears the end of the two-year reprieve of his death sentence. Xi Jinping studied chemical engineering from 1975 to 1979, at the prestigious Tsinghua University in Beijing but he never worked in a related field. Chinese President Xi Jinping gives army its first order of 2019: be ready for battle Armed forces must be ready for a ‘comprehensive military struggle from … The following day Xi led the new line-up of the Politburo Standing Committeeonto the stage in their first public appearance. The Constitution names the president as head of state and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China … Aug 08, 2019 11:42 AM. Updates? Chinese President Xi Jinping opened the second China International Import Expo (CIIE) on Tuesday with a promise to ease market access, counter protectionism and boost economic globalization. 5 Takeaways From Mike Pence’s Hawkish China Speech The vice president lays out a wide-ranging critique of China at a critical moment for trade talks. 2021. After graduating in 1979, he worked for three years as secretary to Geng Biao, who was then the vice premier and minister of national defense in the central Chinese government. Tono Dwi Putranto (Indonesia), who served successfully as Second Jury Secretary for CHINA 2019, shall be noted in the FIP jurylist as a qualified… Read More China in 2018 scrapped the two-term limit for its president, essentially allowing Mr. Xi, who has been in power since 2012, to remain in office indefinitely. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He held the position for only a brief period, however, as he was selected in October 2007 as one of the nine members of the standing committee of the CCP’s Political Bureau (Politburo), the highest ruling body in the party. While there he focused on restructuring the province’s industrial infrastructure in order to promote sustainable development. China had decided to run out the clock on President Trump’s first term, convinced that they would get a much better deal from a future President Biden. Google pulls Hong Kong protestor game from store.   Xi–Li Administration. His father served the communist part of China at various positions whereas his mother also worked for the Communist party of China. President Tsai Ing-wen, on the afternoon of January 2 in the Presidential Office auditorium, explained the Taiwan government's position on a speech delivered by China's President Xi Jinping (習近平) commemorating the 40th anniversary of the so-called "Message to Compatriots in Taiwan. The risk of a U.S.-China breakup, or decoupling, is on many global investors’ radars as tensions between the two countries have increased. Vice Premiers – Han Zheng, Sun Chunlan, Hu Chunhua, Liu He; National legislature. Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo (left) and Chinese Pres. Vice President – Wang Qishan; Head of government. In 1999 Xi became acting governor of Fujian, and he became governor the following year. The new Sta… By Elias Groll | October 24, 2019, 5:15 PM. He currently serves as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, the country’s Xi Jinping in 1979. Xi got his Chemical Engineerin… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. … Congress chairman – Li Zhanshu; Political advisory. Members of a band from the People’s Liberation Army leave following a speech by Chinese President Xi Jinping after the closing session of the National People’s Congress in Beijing in 2018. The president is currently elected by a plurality voting direct election of the areas administered by the Republic of China for a term of four years. "A translation of the president's … Biden says China will 'eat our lunch' after downplaying threat in 2019 Biden seemed to contradict his statements about China on the campaign trail in 2019 The Vice-President of the People's Republic of China assists the President. On Oct. 1, a parade … The case of human rights lawyer Wang Quanzhang is emblematic of authorities’ ruthlessness toward human rights defenders and those activists’ fortitude. Full text: Openness and Cooperation for a Shared Future. Jan. 11. In their articles about the trade war, protests in Hong Kong, China’s human rights violations, and China’s global advances, every major American publication refers to Xi Jinping … In 1974 Xi became an official party member, serving as a branch secretary, and the following year he began attending Beijing’s Tsinghua University, where he studied chemical engineering. ... 12 October 2019. A year later the CCP voted to enshrine Xi’s name and ideology, described as “thought” (“Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in a New Era”), in the party’s constitution, an honour previously awarded only to Mao. Chairman Xi Jinping in Beijing on July 3. At the invitation of the Prime Minister, the President of the People’s Republic of China H.E. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At that time Hu also relinquished the chair of the CMC to Xi. The NPC also unanimously elected Xi to a second term as president of the country in March. & Industry for National Defense, CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Central Leading Group for Inspection Work, Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military Commission, Independent Commission Against Corruption (Hong Kong), Judicial Administrative Organs People's Police, Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, Central Leading Group for Propaganda and Ideology, Central Guidance Commission on Building Spiritual Civilization, Central Publicity (Propaganda) Department, National Press and Publication Administration, National Radio and Television Administration, Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs, Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits, International Development Cooperation Agency, International Military Cooperation Office, State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, President of the People's Republic of China, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang, Chairman of the National Committee of the CPPCC, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, "Communique of the expanded 12th plenary session of the Eighth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China", "Kuhn, Robert Lawrence: Hu's Political Philosophies", World Savvy Monitor: China and the World - A foreign policy overview, Vice President of the People's Republic of China, List of vice premiers of the People's Republic of China, Politics of the People's Republic of China, People's Political Consultative Conference, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_presidents_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China&oldid=994977168, Presidents of the People's Republic of China, Lists of political office-holders in China, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 15:13. China Development Forum 2019: Greater Opening-up for Win-Win Cooperation. Since President Xi Jinping came to power in 2012, China has significantly increased controls over its already censored cyberspace—with a ruling that will allow jail terms for spreading “rumors” online, a cybersecurity law that will facilitate state control and data access, crackdowns on unauthorized VPN connections, … Foreign citizens, in good physical and mental health. …presidential term, China’s vice president.   Second Administration BEIJING — Chinese President Xi Jinping said Tuesday in a speech commemorating the 70th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party's rule that no force could sway ... 2019 in Beijing, China. The following Jury Apprentices of CHINA 2019 were approved by the Board: An official letter shall be sent to each juror above on their successful qualification. President George Weah, realizing the development impact of China on Liberia, has lavished praises on the government and people of that Asian country for several infrastructural and human resource projects they have initiated and completed in Liberia. Italian President Sergio Mattarella with Chinese President Xi Jinping, 22 March 2019. In contrast to his reformist father, Xi had a reputation for prudence and for following the party line, and as Shanghai’s secretary his focus was squarely on promoting stability and rehabilitation of the city’s financial image. Keynote Speech by H.E. As of February 2021, there are two living former presidents: Central People's Government (1949–1954), The 2nd and 3rd Constitutions (1975–1982), List of Presidents of the People's Republic of China, List of Presidents of the Republic of China, List of premiers of the People's Republic of China, Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission, Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, Education, Science, Culture and Public Health, Environment Protection and Resources Conservation, State Council (Central People's Government), State-owned Assets Supervision & Administration Commission, State Administration for Sci., Tech. Xi’s status became more assured when in March 2008 he was elected vice president of China. He held both the deputy secretarial and governing posts until 2002, when he was elevated yet again: that year marked his move to Zhejiang province, where he served as acting governor and, from 2003, party secretary. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In October 2010 Xi was named vice chairman of the powerful Central Military Commission (CMC), a post once held by Hu (who since 2004 had been chair of the commission) and generally considered a major stepping-stone to the presidency. The two leaders had their inaugural Informal Summit in Wuhan, China on 27-28 April 2018. Her first novel. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. President Donald Trump speaks during a press conference with China's President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 9, 2017. Wed. President Tsai's remarks for Lunar New Year ... On behalf of the government and people of the Republic of China (Taiwan),... Read more . Before 1991, the president was selected by the National Assembly of the Republic of China for a term of six years.. Xi Jinping was born on 15 June 1953, in Beijing, China. The presidency was revived under the fourth constitution in 1982. In that role he focused on conservation efforts and on improving international relations. 2 days ago. In July, Wang was finally allowed to meet his lawyer for the first time. Hosted by the Development Research Centre of the State Council (DRC) and organized by the China Development Research Foundation (CDRF), China Development Forum (CDF) is committed to “Engaging with the World for … The president said U.S. tariffs on $250 billion in Chinese imports will increase from 25% to 30% on October 1. China had imposed a two-term limit on its president since the 1990s. Before 1991, the president was selected by the National Assembly of the Republic of China for a term of six years.. US President Donald Trump said he called Chinese President Xi Jinping a "king" during a state visit to Beijing in 2017 and that the Communist Party leader appeared to appreciate the remark. WASHINGTON, DC - APRIL 04: U.S. President Donald Trump talks to reporters before meeting with Chinese Vice Premier Liu He in the Oval Office at the White House April 04, 2019 in Washington, DC. .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  First Administration Xi Jinping, (born June 15?, 1953, Fuping county, Shaanxi province, China), Chinese politician and government official who served as vice president of the People’s Republic of China (2008–13), general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP; 2012– ), and president of China (2013– ).. Xi Jinping was the son of Xi Zhongxun, who once served as deputy prime minister of China …   Third Administration 02-10. China-U.S. relations: Presidents stay in touch through meetings, phone calls, letters . Country: China University: Northwestern Polytechnical University Course Level: Bachelors, Masters, PhD Value: Full Scholarship, Partial Scholarship Deadline: May 15th, 2019 Eligibility Criteria to do Bachelors. Xi also emphasized the importance of the “rule of law,” calling for adherence to the Chinese constitution and greater professionalization of the judiciary as a means of developing “socialism with Chinese characteristics.” Under Xi’s leadership China was increasingly assertive in international affairs, insisting upon its claim of territorial sovereignty over nearly all of the South China Sea despite an adverse ruling by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague and promoting its “One Belt, One Road” initiative for joint trade, infrastructure, and development projects with East Asian, Central Asian, and European countries. Xi Jinping, President of China (elected on Nov 15, 2012) Xi Jinping (pinyin: Xí Jìnpíng; pronounced [ɕǐ tɕînpʰǐŋ], born 1 June 1953) is the current “paramount leader” of the People’s Republic of China. The President bestowed the praises when he participated in a program marking the 70 th National Day Anniversary of the People’s Republic of China on September 19, 2019 at the Chinese Embassy near Monrovia. During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would aid the wellborn Xi’s credibility in his eventual rise through the ranks of the CCP. 2019 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE ... U.S. President Donald Trump announces that the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ... China's first fully domestically built aircraft carrier, enters naval service. China’s vice president said the world’s second-largest economy has delivered “significant” growth and pledged to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, that it won’t falter. Among Xi’s first initiatives was a nationwide anti-corruption campaign that soon saw the removal of thousands of high and low officials (both “tigers” and “flies”). The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind paying floral tributes to Dr. Zakir Hussain, Former President of India on the occasion of his Birth Anniversary at Rashtrapati Bhavan on February 8, 2021. Xi managed to consolidate power at a rapid pace during his first term as China’s president. His predecessor in the position was among those who had been tainted by a wide-ranging pension fund scheme. Chinese President Xi Jinping has South Asia on his mind this week. The position was abolished between 1975 and 1982 with the functions of head of state being performed by the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Xi Jinping, President of China. Barack Obama (left) and Chinese Pres. China had imposed a two-term limit on its president since the 1990s. SHANGHAI, China, Oct. 31, 2019-- Honeywell today announced that Scott Zhang has been appointed as President of Honeywell China, effective Nov. 1, 2019.He will be responsible for executing Honeywell’s business objectives in the company’s single largest country market outside the U.S. The office of President of the People's Republic of China, called 国家主席 (Guójiā … The success of his anti-corruption campaign continued, with more than one million corrupt officials being punished by late 2017; the campaign also served to remove many of Xi’s political rivals, further bolstering his efforts to eliminate dissent and strengthen his grip on power. China: Halt the Execution of Renowned Scholar Tashpolat Tiyip Posted September 13, 2019 Dr. Tashpolat Tiyip, a renowned scholar of geography and former president of Xinjiang University (XJU), is suspected to be at risk of execution as he nears the end of the two-year reprieve of his death sentence.   Hu–Wen Administration Hu, the former party chief of Guizhou province and the Tibet Autonomous Region, served as the fourth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China. The elder Xi, however, was often out of favour with his party and government, especially before and during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) and after he openly criticized the government’s actions during the 1989 Tiananmen Square incident. He will be responsible for executing Honeywell’s business objectives in the company’s single largest country market outside the U.S. On March 14, 2013, he was elected president of China by the National People’s Congress. Abkhazia Vice President - Aslan Bartsits (2019-2020) Afghanistan. How President Xi Jinping is transforming China at home and abroad Sep 26, 2019 6:25 PM EST. US President Donald Trump lands in China, starting three-day state visit. China must be on high alert against "black swan" and "grey rhino" financial events in the face of a slowing economy, President Xi Jinping told senior members of the Communist Party faithful. Premier – Li Keqiang. The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind addressing the 23rd Annual Convocation of the Rajiv Gandhi University … Xi says China-U.S. ties "at new historic starting point" Major consensus reached at Xi-Trump summit; Illustration by Nigel Buchanan for TIME. He later majored in Marxist theory and ideological education at Tsinghua Humanities Institute.Xi Jinping is one of the few leaders in China who is educated in humanities and is the only Chinese president … Corrections? He was based there until 1985, when he was appointed a party committee member and a vice mayor of Xiamen (Amoy) in Fujian province. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. President Xi Jinping, born in 1953, has indicated his intent to rule indefinitely after China’s legislature amended the constitution in March 2018 to scrap term limits for the presidency. In November 2012, during the CCP’s 18th party congress, Xi was again elected to the standing committee of the Political Bureau (reduced to seven members), and he succeeded Hu as general secretary of the party. Xi suffered some setbacks while completing his primary and secondary education. Published 11 October 2019. Dec. 30, 2019, was a day when people who live in the free world were busy planning ahead and getting ready for New Year’s Eve celebrations. U.S. Pres. President of the People's Republic of China President – Xi Jinping. Xi Jinping, (born June 15?, 1953, Fuping county, Shaanxi province, China), Chinese politician and government official who served as vice president of the People’s Republic of China (2008–13), general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP; 2012– ), and president of China (2013– ). China's president didn't mention any particular region but it was seen as a warning to Hong Kong. In his capacity as Vice-President, Hu was probably best known for handling the aftermath of the United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade. Among his concerns as Fujian’s head were environmental conservation and cooperation with nearby Taiwan. China’s gross-domestic-product growth in 2018 was the weakest in 28 years. But just like no one in the United States calls Trump the chairman of America, no one in China calls Xi president. Omissions? SHANGHAI, China, Oct. 31, 2019 -- Honeywell today announced that Scott Zhang has been appointed as President of Honeywell China, effective Nov. 1, 2019. 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