It is important to realise that the cross rotates 180 degrees during the night    Phil, It’s 4.5 times if you start from the brightest star (the closest one to the pole) of the Cross. Also, with all the questions about 4 vs 4.5, I thot of a way to discribe the process of finding S just with the cross; a way that might resonate with a lot of folks, especially kids. Our products ranges from Agricultural- & Irrigation Equipment, Garden Care, Castings (Iron, Brass, Al. Often its best if another person shows you. of South. If you are a digital subscriber, then please use the following form to login. Better way: There is a "False Cross" constellation in the Southern Hemisphere as well, so knowing how to locate the correct one is vital for purposes of navigation. Find southern cross for sale on bidorbuy. The government of South Africa increased the lockdown alert level for South Africa to level 3 on December 29, 2020, which was reinforced on January 11, 2021. In place of it you could use the Magellanic Clouds – they form (roughly) an equilateral triangle with the southern celestial pole. Crux, or the Southern Cross, is a prominent constellation in the southern sky. Since learning that method I’ve been very happy to accept that as a reliable technique & have often praised whatever ancient mariner it was who first worked out that combination of stars from all of the others up there. From a light-polluted area you could use the same approach (less accurate) with Canopus and Achernar in place of the Clouds, but you would need a little familiarity with the sky to point the triangle the correct way! They grab your attention. Southern Cross Address: V & A Waterfront, Western Cape, 8001, South Africa City of Cape Town Phone number: 021 418 5806,, Fax: 021 418 5821 Categories: Travel, Required fields are marked *. It is the smallest of all 88 constellations. Obviously they will then also know where north is. However, there is a useful celestial marker known as Crux, or the Southern Cross. Face to the south in an area with a clear line of sight and an absence of light pollution. Locomotive No. It is published independently but with the support of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference. Discover Kings Cinema, an art deco cinema in the style of the 1930s installed at Powerhouse Museum. But if you live south of the equator, it’s not the Big Dipper that people choose as their guide to the night sky. How do I locate it. How do you find S when the cross is below the horizon. Anthony in Malawi 4 step’s is how I was taught to do it. If you’re lost in the bush this method will definitely help you find south. I’ll give that a go next time I run a Night Tour and see how it goes. It doesn’t matter whether the person we are caring for … I was struggling with how they could take a sight on an invisible point in the sky! Pepe, Yes, and it rotates at about 15-degrees per hour about the SCP. The Southern Cross, in form of 4 large and 1 small star, is situated in the fly half of the Australian flag. So you might want to visit a local observatory (Perth Observatory) or a local amateur astronomy club/society. How many degrees in a night? As you say, the pole is 4 1/2 times the length of the cross away from it, and I find an easy way is to look for the Small Magellan Cloud (if you can see it) and find the point half way between it and the Cross. Hopefully, you will find that the diagram will work out with correct number. Regarding the other method that you mention involving the perpendicular bisector of the two pointer stars, please see the later blog post http://www.sydneyobservatory.com.au/2013/finding-south-using-the-southern-cross/. Thank you for letting people know how to use the southern cross to find south. It is worth practicing this from your backyard as such knowledge will be most helpful if you are ever lost in the bush! Trust the southern cross.It will take you home.. Regarding the method described above, the angular distance from Acrux, the closest star of the Cross to the south celestial pole, is 26°50′ and the distance between Acrux and Gacrux, the star of the Cross furthest from the pole, is 5°59′. Nick, maybe a diagram of the second method using the “Pointers” bisected could be included on your web page. Draw an imaginery line down along the longest angle of the cross all the way to the ground. It’s just a point in the sky isn’t it – it’s not like its a star and I believe they needed it to calculate longitude didn’t they? First published on 16 October 1920, it has appeared uninterrupted every week since. Are you able to describe it in more simple terms? In the immediate vicinity of the Southern Cross are two very bright "pointer stars," Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri, which form a line pointing to the "top" point of the true Southern Cross. Identify the Southern Cross and the Two Pointers (part of Centaurus), careful to avoid the ‘false cross’. The confusion here may be that no-one has yet stated whether the 4.5 length includes the actual length of the head and base stars of the cross – plus 3.5 times that length. If you're there during southern spring and wish to see the Cross, you have to get up in the small hours of the morning when it is coming out again. This diverse nation is a hub for ministry in the surrounding countries. Note big difference if covering a few kilometres, but considerable when needing to cover a few hundred. If you don't see the pointer stars, you are looking at the False Cross. The current editor-in-chief is Günther Simmermacher. People looking for missing migrants in Southern Africa Hundreds of thousands of migrants lose contact with their family members every year, because of migration, conflict or natural disasters. Even from the far north of the continent it is only missing for a few hours of the day. The Southern Cross (South Africa) is within the scope of WikiProject Catholicism, an attempt to better organize and improve the quality of information in articles related to the Catholic Church.For more information, visit the project page. “Extend the line four and a half times the length of the cross. Draw the 2 lines (right angel center to pointers and through the length of the cross) and where they meet, straight down to horrison is south. Crux is not very big. Thanks, I understand how to find south using the Cross at ground level but can you tell me how a 17th century sailor could establish the altitude of the CSP? 1/28. One technique they used to find, say, a small island, was to sail to the correct latitude and then guess whether the island was to their east or west and sail along the latitude until they hit the island. Southern Cross View Gallery. If you don't know which direction you are facing, slowly scan the horizon in a circle from your position in the winter, or scan points high in the sky in the summer. Latest News . Then extend the main axis of the Cross from and in the direction of its brightest star by four and a half times its length. I still cannot figure out how to find south using the southern cross. The Southern Cross—South Africa’s only Catholic publication since 1920 The Catholic Church in South Africa is a much smaller church than that of the United States. But “south” is parallel to the ground and “south celestial pole” is up in the sky. It is easily recognizable for the cross-shaped asterism, the Southern Cross, formed by its five brightest stars. COVID-19 Information (Last updated: January 12, 2021) Country-Specific Information: The South African Ministry of Health has confirmed more than 1,200,000 cases of COVID-19 within its borders. Your health is our top priority and we are ready to address all concerns travellers may have surrounding COVID-19. Welcome to the digital version of Southern Africa’s Catholic Magazine. On summer evenings (January - March) the Cross is rising in the southeast. Find the midpoint between the Two Pointers. Using the pointer method, how do u know where to go perpendicular from the line created through the pointers? If you have any questions regarding one of our products or need more information concerning a specific service or product, please do not hesitate to contact us … Imagine the Cross is a kite with a tail that extends straight away from the kite and is 4.5 times the length of the kite itself. Hi Guys, Thanks for the info, it really helped when I was teaching ”Space” for Year 8 students, last term. Sam, Keep watching it for a few hours and you will see it ‘rotate’ as the Earth spins on its axis. This method also marries up with the Scout method in finding the South Celestial Pole. This panoramic 15-day sojourn winds its way across Southern Africa from the Indian Ocean in the east to the Atlantic … Read More. Thanks Anthony. Being privileged to be caretakers and wardens at the EyreBird Observatory in the old telegraph station at Eyre back in 2006, observations when the Southern Cross turns over about the south celestial pole still prove to be correct in finding South. Southern Cross Pass (N2) ... Mountain Passes South Africa is a website dedicated to the research, documentation, photographing and filming of the mountain passes of South Africa. The flag of Samoa has the Southern Cross placed on the upper outer quadrant of the flag. He has been published on Men's News Daily and Free Republic. 2/ The method that relies purely on multiples of the length of the major axis doesn’t appear to be able to compensate for the changing orientation of the Cross in the night sky. Diagrammatic error? Crux constellation is also bordered by Musca, the Fly.To find the Southern Cross, first look for the two very bright stars nearby, Alpha and Beta Centauri. On summer evenings (January - March) the Cross is rising in the southeast. Note that 4.5 times the length of the main axis from the Southern Cross to the pole is correct. The distance from Acrux to the South Celestial Pole is four and a half times the length of the Southern Cross and not three and a half as stated above. If the pic is to scale, then it would include the cross (and a further 3.5 lengths) as you suggest Phil. One of my colleagues gave me a bad rap over the knuckles about this post. 1 hauled New South Wales' first train and is on permanent display at Powerhouse Museum. The Southern Cross is located near the larger constellation Centaurus, which surrounds it on three sides. If you are looking for Southern Cross holiday accommodation , SafariNow has a selection of Self-catering, holiday accommodation in Southern Cross and surrounds. Aren’t these two contradictory? The meeting place is the approximate location of the South Celestial Pole. When I was first taught to find south using the Southern Cross, the method involved determining the point of intersection of the line drawn along the major axis of the Cross with a line drawn drawn as the perpendicular bisector of the two pointers & south was determined by dropping a line from the point of that intersection to the horizon. Charity News. 3. a. I for many years have successfully found South using the “Crux” in the Victorian high country -fortunately not often as my compass was on a cord around my neck-but there have been a few occasions. After locating the Southern Cross and the 2 pointers – bisect the 2 pointers and where this line intersects the long arm of the Cross itself is the south celestial Pole. Looking at the night sky around Woomera South Australia in 1983! From that point you drop a line directly to the Horizon and that is due South. Where that line meets the line formed by the two most widely separated stars in the Southern Cross is the south point in the sky (the South Celestial Pole). Southern Cross Accommodation. The Southern African Catholic Bishops’ Conference has called on all parishes and the faithful to support The Southern Cross. The S celestial pole is at the end of the tail. If you're north of the equator but south of a latitude of about 25 degrees, which is around say Hawaii and parts of northern Africa, you can still see the Southern Cross. i.e. Having said that, this method for me when practiced just now using the stars, seems to give me a South line that is further east of the Scout method (which utilises the Pointers). However, there is a useful celestial marker known as Crux, or the Southern Cross. Thanks. Hence the number of multiples of the angular length of the long axis of the Cross needed to reach the pole is 26°50’/5°59′ = 4.485. d. The point where lines a and c intersect is the South Celestial Pole Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The initial idea was to distribute Australian manufactured products in South Africa. If you want to see this for yourself, check it out on the Neave planetarium, an on line planetarium you can operate yourself. One method was to measure the altitude of a star near the SCP when it was at its highest point and then 12 hours later at its lowest point. The pointer stars are much brighter and much easier to see. Well, you find south as the Cross is in the southern sky and then it is trivial to find north as it is exactly in the opposite direction to south. c. Draw an imaginary line perpendicular to this Midway along this line, extend another line at a right angle to it, until it meets another line drawn down the long axis of the Southern Cross. The first step is to identify the Southern Cross – it is a compact group of bright stars close together in the sky with the two Pointer stars always pointing to them from nearby. That is exactly what my Dad told me when I was a kid. Weeks holds a bachelor's degree in political science from the College of New Jersey and a master's degree in public policy from Rutgers. It compensates for the stars’ rotation. why has the southern cross seem to have rotated about 30 – 40 degrees in a anticlockwise position. They both lie in the same direction. Go to bidorbuy and discover online shopping at its best! Locate south by dropping a vertical line from the South Celestial Pole to the horizon. around the south celestial pole. ), Repair works and more. Another reason to look for the pointer stars is they keep you from getting confused with another grouping nearby called the False Cross (Delta Velorum, Kappa Velorum, Epsilon Carinae, and Iota Carinae). Luckily, according to my method, south is always south, just to the left of a small tree and in line with my compass bearing. In the N we can use Cassiopia which is opposite the dipper. Then extend the main axis of the Cross from and in the direction of its brightest star by four and a half times its length. Good point Tigersnake, but to use it you need to be lucky enough to be in an area sufficiently far from bright lights so that the Magellanic clouds are visible. Will the longitud axis of the Cross plus its 4.5 times distance to the drop to the horizon rotate around the CSP clockwise? And they are poised to do so! Does the method I described return the “exact value” or is there some other method? This is in variation with the New Zealand flag which, on its outer part, contains 4 red stars which are consistent with the Southern Cross. Regards The south you mean is the same thing as south celestial pole? Search for a group of four bright stars and one faint star that form the shape of a kite. Hi! — how do you estimate 4.5x the length of the Southern Cross? Shop online at fixed prices or bid on auctions. Now, when we are out boating with our boating friends, we won’t get lost – you’ve also settled a long-time debate. Why are the pointers useful? See past project information for Southern Cross Industries, Hamilton, Bloemfontein including projects, photos, costs, reviews and more. Finding south using the Southern Cross, drawing Nick Lomb. The Southern Cross is South Africa's only national Catholic weekly newspaper. October 4, 2019 Love, care and treasure the elderly people in the society. From the Pole drop a line straight down to the horizon – that is south. That’s the way they taught us in Army survival training! There is a discrepancy between the diagram (4 1/2) and the writing 3 1/2. In order to read The Southern Cross online you will need to login using your subscription username and password. Southern Cross is a diversified manufacturing company based in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Hello again Michael. e. Drop perpendicular as above About. 4. I think this is why “The Pointers” are called “The Pointers”. The first step is to identify the Southern Cross – it is a compact group of bright stars close together in the sky with the two Pointer stars always pointing to them from nearby. Offering care means being a companion, not a superior. Finding south using the Southern Cross – an essential skill. by following method 1 at this very moment in Cape Town in South Africa, south is 3.5 times southern cross’ length according to my compass and not 4.5. More recently, I’ve been told that south can be determined more simply by extend the major axis by four times its length & now I read here that the method involves measuring four & a half times the length of the major axis. There are a number of methods that 17th century navigators used to establish the height of the South Celestial Pole or latitude. Interestingly, the Southern Cross has been depicted on the flags of several different antipodean countries. The Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences acknowledges Australia’s First Nations Peoples as the Traditional Owners and Custodians of the land and gives respect to the Elders – past and present – and through them to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. A grand adventure offering amazing insight into well-known destinations across South Africa. Good Hope. It's product still reflects the philosophy of solid engineering expertise and consistency. How do you find south? 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