Useful Links. He was now able to revive the project of an invasion of France in concert with the Duke of Burgundy. Email Address. In 2018, Ofsted agreed that "this is a good school". Updates? Join. Phone: 02476 328231 Fax: 02476 326686 A UNIQUE EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE King Edward VII School is one of the Top Public Schools in the country. The King Edward VI School - Part of The Three Rivers Learning Trust Powered by realsmart. "[57], Commentators observe a marked difference between Edward's first period as king, and the second. Warwick crushed Lancastrian resistance in the far north of England between 1462 and 1464 and conducted England’s diplomacy. Our Alumni. He began a reorganization of the revenues from the crown estates, experimenting with methods of improving yields and promoting more efficient auditing under officials of the flexible royal household treasury instead of the unadaptable Exchequer. [17], On 2 February 1461,[d] Edward won a hard-fought victory at Mortimer's Cross. We always welcome former students at King Edward VI and the opportunity for you to share your experiences going forward would be of interest and help to the students who will come after you. [23] This exposed internal divisions, some over policy, but more significantly Warwick's encouragement of the perception he was the senior partner. Elizabeth Plantagenet (born circa 1464), possibly daughter of Elizabeth Lucy, who married Thomas, son of George Lumley. Professor of Medieval History, University of Liverpool, 1967–80. On May 1, 1464, he secretly married a young widow, Elizabeth Woodville, of no great rank, offending Warwick and other Yorkist nobles who were planning to marry him to a French princess. Get more information on the admissions process for this school Secondary schools catchment area map. Nearly all the remaining Lancastrian leaders were killed on the field or executed afterward, and, after murdering Henry (May 21–22) and repelling an attack on London, Edward was secure for the remainder of his life. [e] As Flemish merchants were the largest buyers of English wool, Edward was generally pro-Burgundian, although Duke Charles' reluctance to support him in 1471 impacted their relationship. One view is the low status of the Woodvilles was part of the attraction, since unlike the Nevilles, they were reliant on Edward and thus more likely to remain loyal. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [39] By now, the Yorkist regime was deeply unpopular and the Lancastrians rapidly assembled an army of over 30,000; when John Neville switched sides, Edward was forced into exile in Bruges. [31], Unusually for the period, 12 of the new queen's siblings survived into adulthood, creating a large pool of competitors for offices and estates, as well as in the matrimony market. Aims & Values. Both parties were dead, but Robert Stillington, Bishop of Bath and Wells, claimed to have carried out the ceremony. In June, Gloucester seized the throne as Richard III after declaring his nephews illegitimate; they are generally supposed to have been murdered shortly afterwards. These and other measures enabled him to leave behind a fortune; some of his improved financial administration was continued and developed by his successors Richard III and Henry VII. Based in Ludlow Castle, he was supervised by his uncle, Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, who also acted as his regent for the Council of Wales and the Marches. Edward became a trader himself, transporting goods in his own ships and those of foreign merchants. [13] The Act of Accord agreed a compromise, whereby Henry remained king, but York and his descendants were designated his successors. King Edward’s School has been at the heart of Birmingham life since it was founded in 1552. [36], In March 1470, Warwick and Clarence exploited a private feud to initiate a full-scale revolt; when it was defeated, the two fled to France in May 1470. Shortly afterwards, Henry VI was found dead in the Tower of London. Accept all cookies . On the same day, Queen Margaret (Henry VI’s wife) belatedly landed in Dorset from France with her only son, Edward, prince of Wales. There he won another crushing victory. It is a School that is steeped in history that dates back to 1604. 1", "Guyart des Moulins, La Bible historiale", "Was Edward IV Illegitimate? Pupils are admitted from Grade 0 to Grade 7. Joining Us. Open events; Apply now; Term dates; Travelling to college; Courses; Job vacancies [40], Edward took refuge in Flanders, part of the Duchy of Burgundy, accompanied by a few hundred men, including his younger brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Anthony Woodville and William Hastings. Edward’s promiscuity enabled Richard of Gloucester, after his death, to question the validity of his marriage and so to ruin his sons. [20], Margaret fled to Scotland with Edward of Westminster, while the new king returned to London for his coronation. But Edward had by now too many supporters (especially in London) for him to be kept under tutelage for long. The last decade of Edward’s reign also saw an improvement in law enforcement. In 1485, he was killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field by Henry Tudor, who ruled as Henry VII, and married Edward IV's daughter, Elizabeth of York, thus uniting the two houses. [59], One effect of this was that Parliament became increasingly reluctant to approve taxes for wars which Edward failed to prosecute, then used the funds instead to finance his household expenditures. is a grammar school and academy in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England, traditionally for boys only.However, since September 2013 the school has admitted girls into the Sixth Form. Sign up to receive news and updates. KING EDWARD VII PREPARATORY SCHOOL. Hence the Treaty of Picquigny was made by which Edward agreed to withdraw from France in return for 75,000 gold crowns down and a pension of 50,000 gold crowns a year. View today's bulletin; Parental Communication; WeDuc; RM Unify; Class Charts; RM Portico; 01803 869200. email us . Closure alerts. At Tewkesbury, after some remarkable forced marches (one of more than 40 miles at a stretch), he caught up with her army on May 4. W. Register for Our Sixth Form Virtual Open Evening Monday 11th January . He was a leading participant in the Yorkist-Lancastrian conflict known as the Wars of the Roses. His lack of political foresight is largely to blame for the unhappy aftermath of his early death. Her sisters made a series of advantageous unions, including that of Catherine Woodville to Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham; Anne Woodville to William, heir to Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex; and Eleanor Woodville with Anthony, heir to Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent. France and Burgundy were also of concern because…. Edward's name appears alongside those of his father, Warwick and Salisbury in widely circulated manifestoes declaring their quarrel was only with Henry's evil counsellors. In 1541, Henry VIII executed Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, daughter of the Duke of Clarence, while a number of attempts were made on the life of her son, the last legitimate direct heir, Cardinal Reginald Pole, who died in 1558. Who’s who. Clarence was widely suspected of involvement, a factor in his eventual death in the Tower on 18 February 1478; claims he "drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine" appear to have been a joke by Edward, referring to his favourite drink. [30] Others argue if this was his purpose, there were far better options available; all agree it had significant political implications that impacted the rest of Edward's reign. His close relationship with the London branch of the Medici Bank ended in its bankruptcy; in 1517, the Medicis were still seeking repayment of Edward's debts. Translate. [5][b] Edward and his siblings George, Duke of Clarence, and Margaret, Duchess of Burgundy, were physically very similar, all three being tall and blonde, in contrast to York, who was short and dark. Our Sixth Form is open to both boys and girls. I am very proud of our school, a school which is both ambitious for, and supportive of, every pupil it serves. Lower School (0114) 268-2477. Newsletter; Wisepay; KEGSNET; Webmail; King Edward VI Grammar School Chelmsford. Read more . [10] In January 1454, 12 year old Edward rode beside his father when he entered London to attend the Great Council. This was strengthened in 1447, when York became heir to the childless King Henry VI on the death of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester. King Edward VI Community College. [38] With French support, Warwick landed in England on 9 September 1470 and announced his intention to restore Henry. He made great preparations in 1474 and obtained a large grant from Parliament. He was also a friend and patron of the printer William Caxton, and his book collection became the foundation of the Old Royal Library, later one of the glories of the British Museum. When Edward died suddenly in April 1483, his minor son became King Edward V, with his father's brother, the Duke of Gloucester, as Lord Protector. Situated on a magnificent campus in the heart of Upper Houghton, Johannesburg, it consists of beautiful, old, traditional, National Monument buildings, complemented by state of the art sporting & cultural facilities. [56] Ross states Edward "remains the only king in English history since 1066 in active possession of his throne who failed to secure the safe succession of his son. Mental and physical frailties made him incapable of ruling and resulted in an internal struggle for control, made worse because the coalition that put him back on the throne consisted of bitter enemies. [26] If nothing else, it was a clear demonstration he was not in control of Edward, despite suggestions to the contrary. [43], Backed by wealthy Flemish merchants, in March 1471 Edward landed near Hull, close to his estates in Yorkshire. Edward and his successors lost much of their leverage as a result. By showering favours on Elizabeth’s two sons by her first husband and on her five brothers and her seven sisters, Edward began to build up a group of magnates who would be a counterpoise to the Nevilles. KEGS Alumni Network; KEGS Alumni Network Registration; Old Chelmsfordians ; Notable Alumni; Examination Results & … Author of, United Kingdom: Edward IV (1461–70 and 1471–83). It was the forerunner of the council of Wales and the marches that subjugated the area to English rule. [75], Edward had ten children by Elizabeth Woodville, seven of whom survived him; they were declared illegitimate under the 1483 Titulus Regius, an act repealed by Henry VII, who married his eldest daughter, Elizabeth. Thank you for considering King Edward VI Grammar School for your child. During the early years of his reign, from 1461 to 1470, Edward was chiefly concerned with putting down opposition to his rule. One especially disturbed area was Wales and the Welsh marches; Edward used the royal estates there as a foundation on which to base a council that acted in the name of his infant heir, the Prince of Wales, and employed the royal prerogative to make a start in repressing disorder. Edward had several acknowledged illegitimate children; There are claims for many others, including Mary, second wife of Henry Harman of Ellam, and Isabel Mylbery (born circa 1470), who married John Tuchet, son of John Tuchet, 6th Baron Audley. [71] [72] More than forty of his books survive intact from the 15th century, which suggests they were carefully stored, and are now included in the Royal Collection of manuscripts, held by the British Library. Other suggestions include pneumonia or malaria, although both were well-known and easy to describe. Headteacher's Welcome; Our History; Our Vision; Ofsted Report ; Academy Documents; Alumni. [37] Seeing an opportunity, Louis XI persuaded Warwick to negotiate with his long-time enemy, Margaret of Anjou; she eventually agreed, first making him kneel before her in silence for fifteen minutes. King Edward’s has a proud history and tradition dating back to 1552 when our educational institution was first established. This was done deliberately to contrast him with Henry, whose physical and mental frailties undermined his position. [54], The cause of Edward's death is uncertain; allegations of poison were common in an era when lack of medical knowledge meant death often had no obvious explanation. "King Edward VI High School for Girls is one of the country's leading girls' schools and provides a rich and varied education that enables bright girls from a wide range of backgrounds to excel and thrive." Edward contemplated a fresh invasion of France, but before it could be carried out he fell ill and died at the age of only 40. [58] In his youth, Edward was a capable and charismatic military commander, who led from the front, but as he grew older, the energy noted by contemporaries became less apparent. Welcome. Aided by Charles of Burgundy, he and his brother, Richard, duke of Gloucester, returned to England in March 1471. [60] He invested heavily in business ventures with the City of London, which he used as an additional source of funding. Vacancies. Warwick, in a countermove encouraged by Louis XI of France, seized Edward and made him a prisoner in July 1469. Welcome. [83] The historical consensus is he and his brother Richard were killed, probably between July to September 1483; debate on who gave the orders, and why, continues, although their uncle Richard III was the beneficiary. [7][c], Edward grew up amidst a background of economic decline at home, and military defeat abroad, exacerbated by a weak and corrupt central government. King Edward’s is a highly academic school, but it is also a thriving community full of individual talents and personalities. This section provides all the information you need for making an application to join the school in Year 7. King Edward's is one of the oldest schools in the country, older than Harrow or Eton and many of the other famous Independent Schools. Edward fled to Flanders, where he gathered support and invaded England in March 1471; after victories at the battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury, he resumed the throne. Join our Alumni. [12] York crossed from Ireland to England; on entering the Palace of Westminster, he declared himself king, a claim greeted by the assembled lords in silence. We are consistently one of the top performing schools in Lincolnshire, the East Midlands and are ranked as one of the top 200 state schools in the United Kingdom. His father was descended from two sons of the 14th-century king Edward III and, in the 1450s, led a revolt against Henry VI; in 1460, Richard’s supporters declared him Henry’s successor. King Edward’s School, an HMC independent day school for boys aged 11-18 founded in 1552. Shortly thereafter, a French offensive recaptured Normandy, leaving Calais as the last English possession in Northern France; despite responsibility for this defeat, Somerset was appointed King Henry's chief minister. Boys gender. This was not the case with property acquired through marriage and explains the importance of this dispute. [34], With Edward still in the north, the royal army was defeated by a Neville force at Edgecote Moor on 26 July 1469. Please visit: www.4yp.org.uk Every Mind […] King Edward VI High School for Girls. 4238902) King Edward VI School. In 1478, his staff prepared the so-called 'Black Book', a comprehensive review of government finances, still in use a century later. The most comprehensive modern biography was written by Charles Ross in 1974, who concluded that Edward's greatest apparent achievement – the peace and stability of his latter years – was squandered in short-term aggrandisement. Welcome to King Edward VII Academy. School Prospectus. By all accounts, Elizabeth possessed considerable charm of person and intellect, while Edward was used to getting what he wanted. He was a central figure in the Wars of the Roses, a series of civil wars in England fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian factions between 1455 and 1487. [14], The implications of removing the legally accepted heir to the throne created substantial opposition to the Yorkist administration; in late 1460, Edward was given his first independent command and sent to deal with a Lancastrian insurgency in Wales. We are an independent, boarding and day school for girls and boys aged 11-18. King Edward VI School is a Registered Charity (No. Selective Schools. She promised her support in return for Henry's agreement to marry her eldest daughter Elizabeth. Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470,[1] then again from 11 April 1471 until his death. [53] He fell fatally ill at Easter 1483, but survived long enough to add codicils to his will, the most important naming his brother as Protector after his death. : The Case for the Defence", British Library Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts, Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_IV_of_England&oldid=996422073, Burials at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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