[97] After being imprisoned for six months on misdemeanor drug charges in 1990, Barry did not run for reelection. Washington District of Columbia (også kendt som Washington, D.C., eller blot Washington) er USA's forbundshovedstad, der ligger indeklemt mellem de to stater Maryland og Virginia.I 2017 var der 693.972 indbyggere i Washington, D.C. Byens forstæder ligger i Maryland og Virginia.Der bor over 9 millioner mennesker i Washington-Baltimore området. The United States military tries desperately to protect the evacuation center at the National Mall, but Russian gunships, fighter jets… [85], One advantage of federal rule over the District of Columbia was that the public school teachers were considered federal workers. To accomplish this, the boundaries of the federal district would need to encompass an area on the Potomac that was downstream of the mouth of the Eastern Branch. Early. This makes it the political center of the United States of America. [98] In 1991, Sharon Pratt Kelly became the first black woman to lead a major U.S. Additional papers include In-Towner (Dupont Circle, Logan Circle and Adams Morgan), Hill Rag (Capitol Hill), East of the River (Anacostia) and D.C. North (Northeast D.C.). Washington, D.C. is the capital of the United States of America and is home to landmarks such as the Washington Monument, built to commemorate George Washington, the Lincoln Memorial, built to commemorate Abraham Lincoln, the U.S. Capitol Building, the Pentagon and the White House. [24] Working under the general supervision of the three commissioners and at the direction of President Washington, Major Andrew Ellicott, assisted by his brothers Benjamin and Joseph Ellicott, Isaac Roberdeau, Isaac Briggs, George Fenwick, and an African American astronomer, Benjamin Banneker, then proceeded to survey the borders of the Territory of Columbia with Virginia and Maryland during 1791 and 1792. When he was laying the stone he looked into the sky and noticed something he had never noticed before, Atlas holding up the h… It is the capital of the United States, and was named after George Washington, not to be confused with the state of Washington, which also appeared on the show. The following is a list of radio stations serving the metro area: According to a 2010 study, Washington-area commuters spent 70 hours a year in traffic delays, which tied with Chicago for having the nation's worst road congestion. The strong flow of the Potomac kept a navigable channel clear year-round; and, the daily tidal lift of the Chesapeake Bay, raised the Potomac's elevation in its lower reach; such that fully laden ocean-going ships could navigate easily, all the way to the Bay. In 1791, it was named Washington, the District of Columbia to honor George Washington. The current mayor of Washington, D.C. is Muriel Bowser, a Democrat.[6]. The George Washington University, 2013), Roe, Donald. city. Il est constitué d'un dôme et de deux ailes. After the war, the city's radioactive ruins and surrounding areas were named the Capital Wasteland. Hà circa mezu milione d'abitanti. Hovedstaden er Olympia, og den største byen er Seattle.Delstaten har om lag seks millioner innbyggere og et areal på 176 620 km². A large portion of the retroceded land near the river was an estate of George Washington Parke Custis, who had supported the retrocession and helped develop the charter in the Virginia General Assembly for the County of Alexandria, Virginia. Washington was named after the first U.S. President George Washington. [53] Congress did provide funding for the Washington City Canal in 1809, after earlier private financing efforts were unsuccessful. Miasto Waszyngton stanowiło pierwotnie odrębną jednostkę samorządową, znajdującą się na obszarze Terytorium Kolumbii. Screening devices for biological agents, metal detectors, and vehicle barriers became more commonplace at office buildings as well as government buildings. [103] However, Fenty lost a Democratic Party primary to former Council Chair Vincent Gray in August 2010. [53] However, Congress lacked loyalty to the city's residents and was reluctant to provide support. U.S. troops dispersed the last of the "Bonus Army" the next day. President James Madison and the remainder of the U.S. government fled the capital shortly before the British arrived. [5] Another village was located between Little Falls and Georgetown,[4]:23 and English fur trader Henry Fleet documented a Nacotchtank village called Tohoga on the site of present-day Georgetown. Unlike most cities in the United States, D.C. has many roundabouts or traffic circles. Other special-interest papers include Roll Call, a daily paper focused on politics. Columbia Kerület (District of Columbia) és Washington város területe egybeesik és egyetlen önkormányzat igazgatja őket. When it was constructed, the board declared that only whites could enroll. [18] However, President George Washington wished to include the town of Alexandria, Virginia, within the federal district. Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport is 31.7 miles (51.0 km) northeast of the District in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The south cornerstone is at Jones Point. Maryland's MARC and Virginia's VRE commuter trains and the Metrorail Red Line also provide service into Union Station. World War I interrupted the execution of the Plan, but construction of the Lincoln Memorial in 1922 largely completed it. [65] (The first had been James Madison during the War of 1812.) [74] In 1888, Congress required that all new developments within the District conform to the layout of the City of Washington. The McMillan Plan of 1901 helped restore and beautify the downtown core area, including establishing the National Mall, along with numerous monuments and museums. Washington, D.C. (also known as simply Washington or D.C., and officially as the District of Columbia) is the capital of the United States. [95] Like many cities, it had received thousands of black people from the South in the Great Migration, starting during World War I and accelerating in the 1940s and 1950s. Northern states preferred a capital located in one of the nation's prominent cities, unsurprisingly, almost all of which were in the north. At first, it was made up of a piece from Virginia south of the Potomac River and a piece from Maryland north of the Potomac River. [93], President Harry Truman ended de jure racial discrimination in the Armed Forces and federal workplaces in 1948. Half of the district was in Maryland and the other half was in Virginia, and the two states gave this land to the government. Ankirkire ta bayan American Revolution amatsayin fadar gwamnatin sabuwar, sunan Washington ansa sane bayan sunan George Washington, Shugaban Farko Na Tarayyar Amurka kuma Wadanda suka Kafa Tarayyar Amurka. The assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968 sparked major riots in chiefly African American neighborhoods east of Rock Creek Park. The District elects a delegate to the House of Representatives who has the usual rights of House membership, such as seniority and committee membership, except that the delegate cannot formally vote. [60]:157 Passenger traffic on the Washington Branch had increased by the 1850s, as the company opened a large station in 1851 on New Jersey Avenue NW, just north of the Capitol. L'Enfant's broadest "grand avenue" was a 400-foot-wide (122 m) garden-lined esplanade, which he expected to travel for about 1 mile (1.6 km) along an east–west axis in the center of an area that the National Mall now occupies. It is the capital of the United States, and was named after George Washington, not to be confused with the state of Washington, which also appeared on the show. It was not until the administration of Woodrow Wilson, a Southern Democrat who had numerous Southerners in his cabinet, that federal offices and workplaces were segregated, starting in 1913. Originally an expansion of Tiber Creek, the canal connected the Capitol with the Potomac, running along the north side of the Mall where Constitution Avenue is today. view view Taras Shevchenko Monument at P Street and 22nd Street Entrance to Chinatown / Eingang zum Chinatown-Viertel The following is a list of rallies and protest marches in Washington, D.C., which shows the variety of expression of notable political views.Events at the National Mall are located somewhere between the United States Capitol and the Lincoln Memorial.The Mall is regulated by the National Park Service which is required to respect the free speech rights of Americans. Washington D.C. (often referred to as solely "D.C." or "Washington"') is a location on Earth that was visited by the Tennysons on their summer road trip. The axes between the corners of the square ran north–south and east–west. The Historical Society of Washington, D.C. Guide to Washington, D.C., Materials from the Library of Congress, Washington D.C. history discussion list on H-Net, Ghosts of DC - A Washington, D.C. history blog, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Washington,_D.C.&oldid=1000396029, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2010, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alexandria was a center for slave trading. Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.It is north of Oregon, west of Idaho, east of the Pacific Ocean, and south of British Columbia. Given its prominence, the mall is often the location of political protests, concerts, festivals, and presidential inaugurations. Washington DC is the capital city of United States of America. Another law in 1895 canceled Georgetown's laws and renamed the streets to match those in the city of Washington. The President of the USA and many major national government offices are in the territory. On May 3, 1802, the City of Washington was granted a municipal government consisting of a mayor appointed by the President of the United States. Borchardt, Gregory M. "Making DC Democracy's Capital: Local Activism, the'Federal State', and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, DC." ", "To George Washington from Pierre-Charles L'Enfant, 22 June 1791", National Archives and Records Administration, "Ellicott's letter to the commissioners on engraving the plan of the city, in which no reference is made to Banneker", "Andrew and Joseph Ellicott: The Plans of Washington City and the Village of Buffalo and Some of the Persons Concerned", website of Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons (Freemasons), "Something About L'Enfant And His Personal Affairs", "Washington, D.C., A National Register of Historic Places Travel Inventory", official website of the U.S. National Park Service, "Which Washington, D.C. Building Was Burned Down in 1812? Since September 11, 2001, a number of high-profile incidents and security scares have occurred in Washington. National Park Service, Washington, D.C. (2012). Hamilton's proposal would require Southern states to assume a share of Northern debt. Washington, D.C., also known as the District of Columbia, Washington, or simply DC, is the capital of the United States.It is located along the Potomac River, on land donated by the state of Maryland that also borders Virginia. The Washington Monument, a tribute to George Washington and the world's tallest stone structure, was completed in 1884.[82]. Thirty-six of these markers still remain. [54], Some reminders of the canal still exist. (Baltimore, MD: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District, 1996), Lock keeper's house from Washington branch of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. A legtöbbször praktikus szempontból egynek tekintik őket. We're planning to host a DC-area meetup at the National Archives building in Washington, DC on January 22, 2011. This makes it the political center of the United States of America. This name survives in the name of the Anacostia River. [20][21], The final site was just below the fall line on the Potomac, the furthest inland point navigable by boats (see: Atlantic Seaboard fall line). Public schools were desegregated soon after.[94]. Large sections of the central city remained blighted for decades. In 1907, Union Station opened as the city's central terminal.[61]:227. It most notably appeared in the episode Washington B.C.. Dolley Madison, the first lady, or perhaps members of the house staff, rescued the Lansdowne Portrait, a full-length painting of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart, as the British approached the Mansion. [81] From the 1860s to the 1890s, he constructed over 80 public and private buildings throughout the city, including the National Museum, the Agriculture Department, Sumner and Franklin schools. A DC-MD-VA regional news station, TBD TV, is carried on Channel 8 on all cable systems in Washington, D.C. and surrounding communities. The significant expansion of the federal government to administer the war—and its legacies, such as veterans' pensions—led to notable growth in the city's population – from 75,000 in 1860 to 132,000 in 1870. Welcome to Wikimedia DC We are the regional outreach organization for Wikipedia and the other projects of the Wikimedia Foundation. Gordon had constructed a tobacco inspection house along the Potomac in approximately 1745. rase (2,9%) Alte rase (4,1%) Pe 1 iulie 2011, Biroul de Recensământ din Statele Unite ale Americii a estimat populația districtului la 617.996 de locuitori, având o tendință de creștere a populației de 2,7% de la recensământul din 2010, care a înregistrat 601.723 locuitori. It was directed to intelligence officials. Washington, D.C. was the pre-War capital city of the United States and part of the Columbia Commonwealth, along with the states of Virginia and Maryland. The amendment therefore contained a provision that prohibited the "erection of the public buildings otherwise than on the Maryland side of the river Potomac". [30] The east cornerstone is east of the intersection of Southern Avenue and Eastern Avenue. Kent yaşamı. [1] This situation persisted for decades: the city was racially segregated in certain facilities until the 1950s. Washington, D.C. är huvudstaden i USA. [16] The interstate highways that do continue into Washington, including Interstate 66 and Interstate 395, both terminate shortly upon entering the city. Following World War II, many middle-income whites moved out of the city's central and eastern sections to newer, affordable suburban housing, with commuting eased by highway construction. An Information Community Case Study: Washington, DC, http://mediapolicy.newamerica.net/publications/policy/an_information_community_case_study_washington_dc, "Local Television Market Universe Estimates", "Stations for Washington, District of Columbia", "Washington area tied with Chicago for traffic congestion, study finds", "District of Columbia Commuting Characteristics by Sex", "Estimated Unliked Transit Passenger Trips", "District of Columbia Amtrak Fact Sheet FY 2010", "Union Station to become intercity bus center", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Washington,_D.C.&oldid=7242740, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. [33] In time, Pennsylvania Avenue developed into the capital city's present "grand avenue". The proclamation also described the method by which the survey should determine the district's boundaries. [66] Despite the city's growth, Washington still had dirt roads and lacked basic sanitation. In 1790, a compromise was reached and capital was placed between Virginia and Maryland. [98] In 1995, Congress created the District of Columbia Financial Control Board to oversee all municipal spending and rehabilitate the city government. Construction westward through Maryland proceeded slowly. Throughout the war, the city was defended by a ring of military forts that mostly deterred the Confederate army from attacking. Bringing a new level of luxury to Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington’s historic Old Post Office has been restored far beyond its initial grandeur and proudly stands as the iconic Trump Washington, D.C. There are 269 bus routes serving 11,129 stops, including 2,554 bus shelters. [87] The NAACP protested to President Wilson. Đặc khu cũng tổ chức mừng ngày giải phóng nô lệ 16 tháng 4, là ngày kỷ niệm ký Đạo luật giải phóng và bồi thường nô lệ của tổng thống Abraham Lincoln năm 1862. The Residence Act limited to the Maryland side of the Potomac River the location of land that commissioners appointed by the President could acquire for federal use.[18]. Major national broadcasters and cable outlets including NBC, ABC, CBS, FOX, and CNN maintain a significant presence in Washington, as do those from around the world including the BBC, CBC, and Al Jazeera. Because it is the home of the President and is important to American politics, many groups often hold large demonstrations and protests here. Slavery was abolished throughout the District on April 16, 1862 – eight months before Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation—with the passage of the Compensated Emancipation Act. info))) é a capital e o distrito federal dos Estados Unidos. The system attracted highly qualified teachers, especially for the M Street School (later called Dunbar High School), the academic high school for African Americans. This amendment would have granted the District representation in the House, Senate, and Electoral College as if it were a state. Washington, D.C. is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them. When English people first came to the area, there was a Native American village on the spot called Nakochtank. In 1697, Maryland authorities built a fort within what is now the District of Columbia. Since 1847, all of the District of Columbia is on the north side of the Potomac River. Washington D.C. is the capital of the United States of America and is seen in Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare, Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, Call of Duty: Black Ops, Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 and Call of Duty: Black Ops II. The policy held for decades. [54], Construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (C&O) began in Georgetown in 1828. Elegant new office buildings rose amidst the 19th century theaters, shops, saloons, and newspaper offices. Ellicott gave the first version of his own plan to James Thakara and John Vallance of Philadelphia, who engraved, printed and published it. [6], The first colonial landowners in the present-day District of Columbia were George Thompson and Thomas Gerrard, who were granted the Blue Plains tract in 1662, along with Saint Elizabeth, and other tracts in Anacostia, Capitol Hill, and other areas down to the Potomac River in the following years. As a result, Ellicott's revisions became the basis for the capital city's future development.[34][43][44][49][50][51][52]. Washington, D.C. is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them. A legtöbbször praktikus szempontból egynek tekintik őket. Warehouses, wharves, and other buildings were added, and the settlement rapidly grew. New migration patterns have appeared. On April 14, 1865, just days after the end of the war, Lincoln was shot in Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth during the play Our American Cousin. [31], On January 1, 1793, Andrew Ellicott submitted to the commissioners a report that stated that the boundary survey had been completed and that all of the boundary marker stones had been set in place. Washington, D.C. / ˈ w ɒ ʃ ɪ ŋ t ə n ˌ d i ː ˈ s i ː /, District of Columbia), potocznie nazywany Waszyngtonem lub D.C. – założona 16 lipca 1790 stolica Stanów Zjednoczonych. Washington DC Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of 10 historic sites in Washington DC, District of Columbia on Tripadvisor. The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) operates the Washington Metro, the city's rapid transit system, as well as Metrobus. [38][39][40] On August 19, he appended a new map to a letter that he sent to the President. [48], Shortly thereafter, Washington dismissed L'Enfant. American Airlines Flight 77 was hijacked by five Islamic terrorists and flew into the Pentagon in Arlington County, just across the Potomac River from Washington, killing 125 people inside the building, as well as 64 on board the airliner, including the five terrorists. The 1789 United States Constitution said that a capital city would be created in a district, but did not say where it should be. The Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport is across from downtown Washington in Arlington, Virginia and has its own Metrorail station. Washington, D.C. är huvudstaden i USA. Throughout its history, Washington, D.C. residents have therefore lacked voting representation in Congress. [29] The north cornerstone is south of East-West Highway near Silver Spring, Maryland, west of 16th Street. The agency, led by John Ihlder, was an early example of a public housing agency, and was responsible for demolishing slum housing and building new units that were affordable, modern, and sanitary. Nevét az ország első elnökéről, George Washingtonról kapta. The Kennedy Center opened, as well as several new museums and historic monuments on and around the National Mall. Ellicott's report described the marker stones and contained a map that showed the boundaries and topographical features of the Territory of Columbia, The map identified the locations within the Territory of the planned City of Washington and its major streets, as well as the location of each boundary marker stone. [14] An additional 12% of D.C. commuters walked to work, 6% carpooled, and 3% traveled by bicycle in 2010.[15]. The massive Russian military force managed to take control of much of the Eastern Seaboard of the United States, except Washington D.C. The toxin ricin was found in the mailroom of the White House in November 2003 and in the mailroom of U.S. Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist in February 2004. [15] The selection of the area around the Potomac River, which was the boundary between Maryland and Virginia, both slave states, was agreed upon between James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and Alexander Hamilton. Where these "grand avenues" crossed each other, L'Enfant placed open spaces in circles and plazas that were later named after notable Americans. At the same time, the city's Caucasian and Hispanic populations have steadily increased. 15 from L'Enfant's original plan, created minor changes to the city's layout. Býurin er stórur handilsstaður, tí ferðasambandið er gott bæði út ígjøgnum Chesapeake víkina og niðan eftir Potomac og siglirennunum inn í Atlantshavið. Í norðri og í eystri hevur Washington mark við Maryland, og í suðri og vestri við Virginia. It is a federal district. [99], Barry was elected again in 1994 and by the next year the city had become nearly insolvent. Council member Adrian Fenty defeated Council Chairwoman Linda Cropp in that year's Democratic primary race to succeed Williams as mayor and started his term in 2007. Washington, D.C. tôn trọng tất cả các ngày lễ liên bang. Washington, D.C. (also known as simply Washington or D.C., and officially as the District of Columbia) is the capital of the United States. "To Thomas Johnson, Daniel Carroll and David Stuart, Esqs. The Old Stone House, located in Georgetown, was built in 1765 and is the oldest standing building in the District. They are: WMAR 2 (ABC), WBAL 11 (NBC), WJZ 13 (CBS), WMPT 22 / WMPB 67 (PBS/MPB), WUTB 24 (MyNetwork TV), WBFF 45 (FOX), and WNUV 54 (The CW). [61]:92 Further railroad development continued after the Civil War, with a new B&O line (the Metropolitan Branch) connecting Washington to the west, and the introduction of competition from the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad in the 1870s. This way, it would be independent and not controlled by any state. It is also the headquarters of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the Organization of American States (OAS). In 1973, Congress passed the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, ceding some of its power over the city to a new, directly elected city council and mayor. In 1978 Congress sent the District of Columbia Voting Rights Amendment to the states for ratification. Washington remained a small city of a few thousand residents, virtually deserted during the summertime, until the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. Georgetown stayed a separate city until 1871, when the United States Congress took away its charter. [58], The aftermath of the war kicked off a mild crisis with many northerners pushing for a relocation of the capitol with a vote brought to the floor of Congress proposing the removal of the government to Philadelphia. The Kennedy Center Honors are given every year to the people who have greatly helped the cultural life of the United States. The first section, from Georgetown to Seneca, Maryland, opened in 1831. Article One, Section 8, of the United States Constitution places the District (which is not a state) under the exclusive legislation of Congress. On September 16, 2013, the Washington Navy Yard shooting occurred when lone gunman Aaron Alexis fatally shot twelve people and injured three others in a mass shooting at the headquarters of the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) inside the Washington Navy Yard in the Southeast quadrant of the city. 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Public historically black land-grant University in Washington, D.C. tôn trọng tất cả các ngày lễ liên bang a man... Aldri som annet enn den føderale byen not seek reelection in 2006 and slave-holding.! Pohjoisessa Kanadan puolella Brittiläiseen Kolumbiaan Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, a number of conflicts with the aid of brother. Jedna od država SAD-a koja ima smrtnu kaznu revised the plan Army '' the next day ] [ 19 the. An opportunity 4,000 years ago, around the National Mall Muriel Bowser, a daily focused! Ország első elnökéről, George Washingtonról kapta Department of defense - the center... Georgetown eastward, connecting the Anacostia River with Tiber Creek part of the square was 10 miles ( km... Immigrant Adolf Cluss ] mayor Anthony Williams won election in 1998 first elected mayor serving. Ígjøgnum Chesapeake víkina og niðan eftir Potomac og siglirennunum inn í Atlantshavið people each day in certain facilities until 1950s... 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