Sabbat, c. 9. sect. 7:1 , ch. In the same way we find in other passages, such as Isaiah 11:4 and Psalms 72:4, severe conduct towards oppressors mentioned in connection with just treatment of the poor. For the children of i the desolate one j will be more . There are those oppressed by domestic misfortune. Isaiah 54:1-17 Exploring the Passage. Instead of seeking gain, and bribes, and public favor, they were to make it an object of intense interest to do justice. “Seek judgment.” The word “judgment” - משׁפט mishpâṭ - here means justice. 38:5. Proficiency in any other art can but win for us the honours and joys of earth; proficiency in this will secure for us the honours and joys of heaven. "Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem, lest God’s soul depart from thee." Isaiah's deep sense of depravity is consistent with the experience of other godly men in the presence of the LORD. In addition to other passages in the Old Testament, this seems to refer to the first part of the oracle of Isaiah 7, for that is a promise of salvation for the nation from the prophet Isaiah. Isaiah 31:1-9 Deliverance From Israel’s Enemy. Take not advantage of his weak and helpless, condition - his ignorance and want of experience. It is strange that great conquerors should take pride in being enemies to mankind; but it is better that flocks should lie down there, than that they should harbour any in open rebellion against God and holiness. 1. In rendering this obscure phrase I follow Bochart, (Hieroz. Orphans have no experience. Learn — Begin to live soberly, righteously, and godly. Relieve the oppressed "Amend that which is corrupted" - חמוץ אשרו asheru chamots . (1-11) The woe of Israel's enemies. Yes, but what is meant by learning to do well? A comprehensive failure (1:2–31) i. Commentary on Isaiah 19:1-17 (Read Isaiah 19:1-17) God shall come into Egypt with his judgments. Hermon on the main land route between Mesopotamia and Egypt made it very influential. His message was given in a time of great crisis both politically and religiously. Septuagint: Rejoice, barren [woman], the one not giving birth. 67. All God’s laws were in David’s sight, [Psalms 119:168] all his ways in God’s sight. I have called you by your name. Learn more. Commentary on Isaiah 1:10-15 (Read Isaiah 1:10-15) Judea was desolate, and their cities burned. Which men are naturally ignorant of; to do good they have no knowledge; nor can they that are accustomed to do evil learn to do well of themselves; but the Lord can teach them to profit, and of him they should ask wisdom, and desire, under the influence of his grace, to learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, and particularly to do acts of beneficence to all men, and especially to the household of faith; and also, the following ones. The sign of Shear-Jashub. Hence, it often means to be successful or prosperous - to go straight forward to success. 2. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 5:1-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The prophet may have sung this song at the week-long harvest festival known as the Feast of Tabernacles, where his singing would have fit naturally into the festive atmosphere and would have caught the attention of the crowds. Isaiah 18 Chapter 17 Syria and Ephriam were confederate against Judah ch. ), (17) Relieve the oppressed.—More accurately, correct the oppressor. Not only must Christ's followers be "blameless," they must be conspicuous for excellence. Isaiah 1:17 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Isaiah 1:17, NIV: "Learn to do right; seek justice.Defend the oppressed. IV. By patient and persevering endeavours to embody in our practice the truths we have thus discovered. Sing, O barren woman, you who never … b. I am undone is not a bad place to be. But the Lord declares that he takes charge of the fatherless and widows, and will avenge them if they shall sustain any injury. It is thus, and thus only, that the habit of doing well is gained. 2. Execute justice between man and man with impartiality. "Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two [or] three berries in the top … Examine Isaiah's calling to see the pattern of following the Lord. Mere mechanical imitation is always a poor thing, and often a grotesque and pitiable thing; because circumstances are continually varying. Isaiah 1:17 Context. Primo praecepto reliquorum omnium observantia praecipitur, saith Luther. Verses 1-28. 1. widow. 17. To do well is a thing that requires to be learned. Such must be relieved by the good. The same duty is enjoined in behalf, , inexperienced orphans, and the helpless. [Exodus 22:22]. Isaiah 35:1-10 Blessings in the Millennial Kingdom. "Do justice to the orphan" (Shâphat, as in Deuteronomy 25:1, is a contracted expression for shâphat mishpat): for if there is not even a settlement or verdict in their cause, this is the most crying injustice of all, as neither the form nor the appearance of justice is preserved. Isaiah 54:1-17. 14 Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them. Isaiah 2:1-5 Future Temple Site. The root - אשׁר 'âshar - means to proceed, to walk forward in a direct line; and bears a relation to ישׁר yâshar to be straight. 15 And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood. III. When I was in junior high school, I remember hearing that one of my schoolmates would not be coming back in the fall. Defend the oppressed. Only by such endeavours can the mastery in any art be won. Get this from a library! Its destruction by the Assyrians (in 732 B.C. Isaiah 43:16-28 Commentary "Don't remember the former things, and don't consider the things of old. To do well is a thing that must be learned. Reform School – for Everyone. Widows and orphans, as well as foreigners, were the protégés of God and His law, standing under His especial guardianship and care (see, for example, Exodus 22:22 (21), cf., Exodus 21:21 (20). The prophet calls on the rulers not merely to acts of benevolence, but to the courageous exercise of their authority to restrain the wrong-doing of the men of their own order. But this is one of the surest signs that we are His (Joh 15:18-19). They are told that they must be true to their calling, and that the “fatherless” and the “widow,” as the typical instances of the defenceless, ought to find an advocate in the judge. Who starts up a finished Christian? And all kings thy glory - (See the notes at Isaiah 49:7, Isaiah 49:23; Isaiah 52:15; Isaiah 60:3, Isaiah 60:10-11, Isaiah 60:16). More Isaiah commentaries. It is an instructive fact in relation to the idea suggested by the word, that, according to Joma 39b, a man who had not only taken possession of his own inheritance, but had seized upon another person's also, bore the nickname of ben chimzon as long as he lived.). in their remaining corruptions all carry some of these cerements about with them, nor drop them but at the gate of heaven.—Guthrie. Isaiah 7 – Shear-Jashub and Immanuel A. Isaiah 7:1-17 New International Version (NIV) The Sign of Immanuel. Chapter 1. More Isaiah commentaries. iii. Learn more. And the Gentiles shall see - (see Isaiah 11:10:÷; come a up I father me say Isaiah 49:22; Isaiah 60:3, Isaiah 60:5, Isaiah 60:16). Parents are their natural protectors; and therefore God especially charged on their guardians to befriend and do justice to them; Deuteronomy 24:17 : 'Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor the fatherless, nor take the widow's raiment to pledge.'. But to do well is an art in which all regenerate persons may become proficient, some with greater ease than others, but to none is the task impossible. “Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. She is unable to defend herself; she is liable to oppression; and her rights may be taken away by the crafty and designing. Hence the admonitions: “Give diligent attention to judgment” ( dârash , to devote one's self to a thing with zeal and assiduity); and “bring the oppressor to the right way.” This is the true rendering, as C hâmotz (from C hâmatz , to be sharp in flavour, glaring in appearance, violent and impetuous in character) cannot well mean “the oppressed,” or the man who is deprived of his rights, as most of the early translators have rendered it, since this form of the noun, especially with an immutable kametz like בּגוד בּגודה (cf., נקד נקּדּה ), is not used in a passive, but in an active or attributive sense (Ewald, §152, b: vid., at Psalms 137:8): it has therefore the same meaning as C homeotz in Psalms 71:4, and âshok in Jeremiah 22:3, which is similar in its form. They build their own prison, make their own fetters, and whip themselves. Isaiah 1, Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in … Isaiah 42:1-17 Exploring the Passage Below are some preliminary questions to assist in the study of this passage. As rulers and magistrates they had sought bribes rather than to do justice. Both in the Masoretic Text and the Dead Sea Scroll of Isaiah, the word for “chariot” is a collective singular; only in the scroll does the definite article precede the word. 7), though I am not perfectly satisfied with this explication of it. Can we call ground good ground for bearing no weeds, if it never bring forth good corn? Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. Isaiah 43:1-7 Commentary. The book of Isaiah … For our study we will follow the outline provided in commentary on Isaiah by J. Alec Motyer, in the series of Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries. It is an imperative demand which God makes upon all His people. Not all persons, however earnest their desires or persevering their efforts, can become poets, painters, statesmen, orators. Many men are their own tyrants. Yoma, fol. Unlike most other biblical prophets, though, Second Isaiah is filled not with warnings over wrongdoing, but with encouragement to reevaluate Judah’s past and future. (Note: The Talmud varies in its explanation of C hamoz : in one instance it is applied to a judge who lets his sentence be thoroughly leavened before pronouncing it; in another the C hamuz is said to signify a person robbed and injured, in opposition to C homez ( b. Sanhedrin 35 a ). We are reminded of what Shakespeare says of Time, that it is his work—, “To wrong the wronger till he render right.”. (Luke 21:19.) Thus says Yahweh who created you, Jacob, and he who formed you, Israel: "Don't be afraid, for I have redeemed you. 3. Isaiah 52:13 Commentary; Isaiah 63:1-6 In Depth Commentary - Jesus declares "I Am Mighty to Save!" Isaiah 2:1-5 Future Temple Site. Isaiah 2:6-22 The Day of the Lord. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Relieve the oppressed "Amend that which is corrupted" -, Who starts up a finished Christian? Isaiah 3:13-26 Oppression And Luxury Condemned. The truth alone can give men freedom. This charge was particularly necessary on account of the facilities which the guardians of orphans have to defraud or oppress, without danger of detection or punishment. Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. The same declaration is now extended to all others, who are oppressed and groan under the violence and lawless passions of men of rank and influence. 17. The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. Psalms 10:18; Psalms 72:4; Exodus 22:22-24; Deuteronomy 10:18; James 1:27. fatherless. abs. Heading (1:1) b. The Spirit by which the prophets spake: for Messiah was to be a Prophet (Isaiah 61:1; Deuteronomy 18:15, Deuteronomy 18:18). 1. The message of this prophet is amazingly relevant to our needs today. Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. Its location northeast of Mt. "Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem, lest God’s soul depart from thee." in their remaining corruptions all carry some of these cerements about with them, nor drop them but at the gate of heaven.—, For men to think to excuse themselves that they do no hurt, wrong neither man, woman, or child, and are not, as the Pharisee said, as the publicans, who generally were oppressors, is but a vain, foolish thing. Heb., Righten the soured or leavened. Now, Isaiah 5:1-7 suggests that the establishment of a just society was the single desired outcome … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 5:1-7" 3. EXPOSITION. Judge the fatherless.—The words are still primarily addressed to men in office. In all our Churches there are multitudes of persons whose "religion" is a purely selfish consideration. Plead for the widow; maintain the righteous cause of poor and helpless persons, against their unjust and potent adversaries; whereby you will show your love to justice and mercy, and that you fear God more than men. Isaiah 43:1-7. Each promise delivers hope; each name reveals the glorious way the Lord rules His kingdom through King Jesus. They are told that they must be true to their calling, and that the “fatherless” and the “widow,” as the typical instances of the defenceless, ought to find an advocate in the judge. Commentary for Isaiah 17 . Both of these were an easy prey to their rapaciousness. 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