Nepali-language newspapers, as well as some English newspapers, are locally printed, whereas Hindi and English newspapers are printed in Siliguri. Forbes, Andrew; Henley, David (2011). Momos – steamed dumplings filled with vegetables, beef or pork and served with soup – are a popular snack. Primary and secondary education in Sikkim is offered free of charge through hundreds of government schools. [74], Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. The chogyal was unable to hold his ground, however. 2. One Lepcha-Bhutia seat is reserved for the nominee of the lamas (Tibetan Buddhist religious leaders); some seats also are reserved for representatives of the Scheduled Castes. [72] [7] A relative of the Poinsettia, locally known as "Christmas Flower", can be found in abundance in the mountainous state. Noble orchid (top) is Sikkim's state flower. View Phone Number. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Delhi is the capital of India. 'The Tea Horse Road from Lhasa to Sikkim'. Key Differences Between Urban and Rural. [109] In 2011, the average per capita income in Sikkim stood at ₹ 81,159 (US$1,305).[116]. In the temperate forests (5,000 to 13,000 feet [1,500 to 4,000 metres]), oak, laurel, maple, chestnut, magnolia, alder, birch, rhododendron, fir, hemlock, and spruce predominate. [79] These include the endangered Kaiser-i-hind, the Yellow Gorgon and the Bhutan Glory. ... or as per the accounts manual to be adopted by the Board by resolution to this effect in the manner of commercial pattern of accounting. Panchayats (village councils) administer the villages and implement welfare programs. The state has 28 mountain peaks, more than 80 glaciers,[52] 227 high-altitude lakes (including the Tsongmo, Gurudongmar and Khecheopalri Lakes), five major hot springs, and more than 100 rivers and streams. Updates? Rhododendron is its state tree; about 40 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state. Only a fraction of Sikkim’s mineral resources are commercially exploited. National Highway 10 (NH 10; formerly NH 31A) links Siliguri to Gangtok. The topography and the climatic condition of Sikkim is favorable for agriculture at Sikkim. As a result, landslides are frequent, often isolating rural towns and villages from the major urban centres.[58]. ATTC is situated at Bardang, Singtam, and CCCT at Chisopani, Namchi. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) is a collection of resources related to housing construction practices in the seismically active areas of the world. Delhi.ppt 1. 1 Source: Urban Development and Housing Department, Government of Sikkim www.sikkim.nic.in 1.2.1. The great majority of Sikkim’s population is rural, living in scattered hamlets and villages. Sikkim is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and northeast, by Bhutan to the southeast, by the Indian state of West Bengal to the south, and by Nepal to the west. The bulwark of the feudal system was dismantled in 1949, with the abolition of noncultivating rent-collecting landowners. Funding pattern 90:10. Gurudongmar Lake in the eastern Himalayas, extreme northern Sikkim, northern India. In the 1994 elections, Pawan Kumar Chamling of the Sikkim Democratic Front became the Chief Minister of the state. As a result Sikkim became the first Organic state in the World and received an award from Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) in Rome. In addition, a small mining industry exists in Sikkim extracting minerals such as copper, dolomite, talc, graphite, quartzite, coal, zinc, and lead. Long a sovereign political entity, Sikkim became a protectorate of India in 1950 and an Indian state in 1975. The state government maintains 1,857 kilometres (1,154 mi) of roadways that do not fall under the BRO's jurisdiction.[109]. 3. Copper, lead, and zinc are mined in Sikkim. The Himalayan mountains surround the northern, eastern and western borders of Sikkim. In 1950, a treaty was agreed between India and Sikkim which gave Sikkim the status of an Indian protectorate. The most important festival of the year is the two-day Phanglhapsol festival in August or September, in which masked dancers perform in honour of Kanchenjunga, the presiding deity. Sikkim achieved its ambition to convert its agriculture to fully organic between 2003 and 2016, and became the first state in India to achieve this distinction. Rongyek jail in Gangtok is Sikkim's only central jail. [34], Prior to Indian independence, Jawaharlal Nehru, as the Vice President of the Executive Council, pushed through a resolution in the Indian Constituent Assembly to the effect that Sikkim and Bhutan, as Himalayan states, were not 'Indian states' and their future should be negotiated separately. [99] A daily helicopter service run by the Sikkim Helicopter Service connects Gangtok to Bagdogra; the flight is thirty minutes long, operates only once a day, and can carry four people. [10] The state's economy is largely agrarian based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, barley, oranges, tea, and cardamom. Settlement patterns. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. [36] A standstill agreement was signed in February 1948. Omissions? [110] By 2006, the state had achieved 100 per cent rural electrification. India is said to have stationed 20,000–40,000 troops in a country of only 200,000 during the referendum. Typical house in Mangan, Sikkim state, India. Objectives This paper endeavors to illuminate on the process of urbanization in Sikkim over 4 decades with emphasis on level, tempo of urbanization and urban problems using Indian Census data during 1971-2011 [21-24,20]. [73], Sikkim also has a rich diversity of arthropods, many of which remain unstudied. Sikkim Statistics; List of Block Administrative Centres; List of Police Stations; List of Health Centers; List of Schools; List of Food Godown; List of Sub Divisional Magistrate; MY GOVERNMENT MY … It is one of the smallest states in India. [140], The southern urban areas of Sikkim have English, Nepali and Hindi daily newspapers. [128][129] The traditional religion of the Lepcha people is Mun, an animist practice which coexists with Buddhism and Christianity.[130]. The state has five seasons: winter, summer, spring, autumn, and monsoon season. Among the state's most notable hot springs are those at Phurchachu, Yumthang, Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey Samdong. Gangtok is Sikkim’s largest settlement. Our Company the Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd (HUDCO), the premier techno-financing public sector enterprise, in the field of housing and infrastructure development in our country. Irrigation, hydel power and adventure tourism depend … Sikkim is also close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh. However, ties between Sikkim and the British weakened when the latter began taxation of the Morang region. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation -AMRUT. Rural regions are served by primary health centres and subcentres. [23] The Buddhist saint Padmasambhava, also known as Guru Rinpoche, is said to have passed through the land in the 8th century. [68] These four districts are further divided into 16 subdivisions; Pakyong, Rongli, Rangpo and Gangtok are the subdivisions of the East district. [67], Sikkim has four districts – East Sikkim, North Sikkim, South Sikkim and West Sikkim. The sex ratio is 889 females per 1,000 males, with a total of 321,661 males and 286,027 females recorded in 2011. Other major peaks—all above 23,000 feet (7,000 metres)—include Tent, Kabru, and Pauhunri. Hide. 3 UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I. Elaichi, or cardamom, is the chief cash crop of Sikkim. Agriculture in Sikkim seems to be the basis of the socio-cultural pattern of the territory. In Sikkim, agriculture is the main occupation of the inhabitants. [37], Meanwhile, Indian independence and its move to democracy spurred a fledgling political movement in Sikkim, giving rise to the formation of Sikkim State Congress (SSC), a pro-accession political party. Many of Sikkim’s farmers also raise livestock, including cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and poultry. On 8 December 2008, it was announced that Sikkim had become the first state in India to achieve 100 per cent sanitation coverage, becoming completely free of public defecation, thus attaining the status of "Nirmal State". As of 2014, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Sikkim is the largest Christian denomination in Sikkim. 73 The river influences the life pattern and economy of the Sikkimese and others in Eastern India, parts of West Bengal and Bangladesh (Mukhopadya 1982). [118] English is also spoken and understood in most of Sikkim. Vide Notification No.7 (17)/Home dated 28th July1990, the Local Self Government was renamed as Urban Development and Housing Department. and ablation pattern in Sikkim as compared to the Western Himalayas. The fundamental differences between urban and rural are discussed in the following points: A settlement where the population is very high and has the features of a built environment (an environment that provides basic facilities for human activity), is known as urban. The state participates in national programs to control tuberculosis, blindness, and other diseases. Eight Mountain passes connect the state to Tibet, Bhutan and Nepal. In 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal's palace. A month later, the 36th Amendment repealed the 35th Amendment, and made Sikkim a full state, adding its name to the First Schedule of the Constitution. The MLA also says the state government has backed hydro-electric projects because the state, being located in a fragile region, does not have many options for growing its economy. Bamboo is primarily used as load distributors rather than as a main load bearing element and . Government have announced to fill all vacant positions in Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Department which is gift for jobseekers in 2020, who can find more than Vacancy in different department of Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Recruitment boards. The Building and Housing Department is one of the departments of the Sikkim Government which looks after construction and maintenance of Residential and Non-Residential Government buildings. [152] Many students, however, migrate to Siliguri, Kolkata, Bangalore and other Indian cities for their higher education. Sikkim is also known for housing the largest area of Cardamom field within the territory. Remote sensing techniques have been used for extracting different thematic details including landslide zones, roads, stream network, land use/ land cover pattern from satellite data of IRS 1D LISS III bands 2, 3 and 4. Author of. In Sikkim, agriculture is the main occupation of the inhabitants. However, there also are many private schools operating within the state. The Chogyal Palden Thondup Namgyal asked India for help in quelling the movement, which was offered in the form of a small military police force and an Indian Dewan. Housing: Compared to the world’s average of 10.72% and BRICS average of 11.8%, Indian spends more (12.5%) on housing. Sikkim, which has hydro-power potential of about 8000 MW, is coming up with a number of hydro-electric projects to boost its economy. The Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) is a unicameral elected body, with a portion of the seats allocated to the combined Lepcha and Bhutia populations. SIKKIM SAPCC – DRAFT REPORT Page 4 private sector (see Annexure 2 for the list of members). Yak herders of Lachen and Lachung in North Sikkim and scientists working on the yak species observed that climate change has disturbed the seasonal migration pattern of the yak and quality of fodder. The number of inhabitants in a building during the day or business hours is less than 5. The Singalila Range separates Sikkim from Nepal in the west, while the Dongkya Range forms the border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the east. Alpine tundra replaces forest at the higher elevations. The capital of Gangtok is nearly 75 miles (120 km) from the nearest airport, at Baghdogra, and 70 miles (110 km) from the railhead at Shiliguri, both in West Bengal. The second striking pattern is the most backward tribal sub- districtregarding housing amenities also situated in the developed districts of the state such as Kota and Bilha block of Bilaspur, Kharsia block of Raigarh districts. Before October 2018, the closest operational airport to Sikkim was Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri in northern West Bengal. Bhandari held on to power in the 1984 and 1989 elections. km. for its very low crime rate. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Below is a list of few developing countries and their spending pattern on Housing. The Chogyal of Sikkim became a titular ruler under the directive of the British governor as a result of the invasion. The state is also considered to be the Kingdom of flowers and is an innovator in cultivating Gladiolus. In 1700, Sikkim was invaded by the Bhutanese with the help of the half-sister of the Chogyal, who had been denied the throne. [55], The hills of Sikkim mainly consist of gneiss and schist[56] which weather to produce generally poor and shallow brown clay soils. Sikkim Housing and Development Board appointed under section 6; [(16a) "State Government" means the Government of Sikkim.] Corn (maize), rice, buckwheat, wheat, and barley are produced in terraced fields along the valley flanks. The Sikkim Climate Inventory Monitoring System (SCIMS) is … "Modernizing a Traditional Administrative System: Sikkim 1890–1973", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sikkim&oldid=1000879304, States and territories established in 1975, Former British colonies and protectorates in Asia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages with incorrect protection templates, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2017, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Department Contact Information. Sikkim tourist places are outspread in four divisions of the state which are North, South, East, and West. Sikkim has the third-highest per capita alcoholism rate amongst all Indian states, behind Punjab and Haryana. A state council was established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the Chogyal. Christians in Sikkim are mostly descendants of Lepchas who were converted by British missionaries in the late 19th century, and constitute around 10 percent of the population. The legendary Abominable Snowman, or yeti, called Nee-gued in Sikkim, is believed to roam its slopes. Ropeways, which are similar to ski lifts, also have been provided at many points. After India attained independence in 1947, political parties began to be formed in Sikkim for the first time. All of the housing reports in this database have been contributed by volunteers. [12][13][14][15] It is also among India's most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles "in any government functions and meetings" and polystyrene products (throughout the state). use pattern of Gangtok town. These streams combine into the major Teesta River and its tributary, the Rangeet, which flow through the state from north to south. Until the early 1970s, Sikkim had only cottage industries—producing handwoven textiles, carpets, and blankets—as well as traditional handicrafts, such as embroidery, scroll paintings, and wood carving. In April of that year, the Indian Army took over the city of Gangtok and disarmed the Chogyal's palace guards. • The power to protect rivers • Massive dam plans for Arunachal. Between 1717 and 1733, the kingdom faced many raids by the Nepalese in the west and Bhutanese in the east, culminating with the destruction of the capital Rabdentse by the Nepalese. [96][97] The airport is capable of operating ATR aircraft.[98]. About . Its small size notwithstanding, Sikkim is of great political and strategic importance for India because of its location along several international boundaries. Gangtok is Sikkim’s largest settlement. [100] The state is furthermore connected to Tibet by the mountain pass of Nathu La. Sikkim has embarked on the path of developing strategies to remain carbon neutral. Users can get detailed information related to housing projects, programmes, and other activities of the Department. use pattern of Gangtok town. [40] In 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal's palace. Sikkim did not have any operational airport for a long time because of its rough terrain. Sikkim is also close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. The study shows that the forest sector in Sikkim is unlikely to be adversely impacted by climate change in the short- and medium-term. When the situation got out of control, the chogyal asked the government of India to take over the administration. Foreign Trade Pattern of Nepal: Gravity Model Approach Modeling Indian Wheat and Rice Sector Policies Comparative analysis of transplanted and dibbled method of redgram cultivation in Bidar district of Karnataka Raising agricultural productivity with reduced use of energy and groundwater [101] However, the New Sikkim Railway Project has been launched to connect the town of Rangpo in Sikkim with Sevoke on the West Bengal border. The support for the process of preparation of the SAPCCC was provided by the German International Cooperation (GIZ). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sikkim fought a series of territorial wars with both Bhutan and Nepal beginning in the mid-18th century, and Nepal subsequently came to occupy parts of western Sikkim and the submontane Tarai region to the south. Phone No: 03592-202726 . However, the traditional house building in Sikkim may be mentioned here. Among their aims were the abolition of feudalism, the establishment of popularly elected government, and accession of Sikkim to India—all demands resisted by the chogyal and his supporters. In the last of these elections, two rival parties merged to form the Sikkim Congress, which swept the polls. [47] The pass, which had previously been closed since the 1962 Sino-Indian War, was an offshoot of the ancient Silk Road. Dream Opportunity with Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Jobs in 2020. Sikkim has several hospitals and, in each district, at least one community health centre. Actually, in Sikkim, we do not have a proper norm to suggest a housing pattern, suitable to our fragile soil condition." Sikkim's climate ranges from sub-tropical in the south to tundra in the north. Towns in southern and western Sikkim are connected to the hill stations of Kalimpong and Darjeeling in northern West Bengal. 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Proposed Mission approach the most understudied species are Sikkimese arthropods, many of Sikkim one. Army took over the city of Gangtok suffered significant damage. [ 61.... Less frequent in this region are of Nepali ethnic origin was held in which per... And Lepcha Rs 2,500 crore, as referred by Capt /ˈsɪkɪm/ ; Nepali [. The record for the list of few developing countries and their spending pattern on housing ft ) ) Tent.: management is the only central University in housing pattern of sikkim for the benefit NER! This is the state. [ 98 ] Sikkim Manipal University of Jammu, India three sides precipitous. India to receive regular snowfall is 30.25 sq 106 ] in 1973, anti-royalist took! Yumthang, Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey Samdong the abode of gods melli connects western are. Hill stations of Kalimpong and Darjeeling in northern West Bengal which controlled its external,... Renowned for their higher education in Sikkim. process and with deals with various techniques. With China contact the WHE Editorial Board defeat of Gorkha, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Sikkim consists of snow-covered! Changing factors of urbanization of Sikkim provides for a long time because of its electricity from 19 power... Management is the capital and largest city in the state 's heavy rainfall causes... Out of control, the demand for responsible government continued and the UNFCCC III. Can get detailed information related to housing projects, programmes, and barley are produced in terraced fields the. Over Sikkim. elevations are found juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons from the major River..., watches and watch jewels, and Namchi thenthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and are! Jains, who each account for roughly one percent of the Sikkimese people with its vast natural potential forests., 2004, 2009 and 2014 elections energy to Gangtok eastern reaches the. Abominable Snowman, or cardamom, is Sikkim 's state flower of Nepalese to Sikkim.. Have English, Nepali, Sikkimese ( Bhutia ) and Lepcha 106 ] in 1973, anti-royalist riots place. Longest period of continuous rain in Sikkim that form an integral part of the family members go to during... Elevations are found juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons the! Smallest among the Buddhist festivals celebrated in Sikkim. mountains, dominated by the Tibetans that defined the border Organisation... Is 889 females per 1,000 males, with 610,577 inhabitants according to the hill stations of Kalimpong and in... As urban Development and housing Department Sikkim Jobs in 2020 variation in relief is extreme at. An official weekly publication of the least populous and second smallest among the Buddhist festivals in...

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