Goal 14: Life Below Water. This indicators aims to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries. Get in touch, share your ideas, and discover how we can work together for a sustainable, just, and equitable future. Each area has a specific level of protection and a specific allowed range of activities. An annual report is prepared by the Secretary-General of the United Nations evaluating the progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. 14 This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.4.1 is "the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels". Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water | United … [30] Its mission is to also to recognize the small-scale fisheries sector dependents should be empowered to participate in decision-making with dignity and respect through integrated management of the social, economic and ecological systems. [27] According to the FAO, "around 57 million people worked in the primary sector of capture fisheries, the vast majority in small-scale fisheries. is the "progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries". The full title of Target 14.5 is: "By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information".[1]. 14 The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. 14 This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.7.1 is the "sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP". No data is available for this indicator yet. [17], The full title of Target 14.2 is: "By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans".[1]. Goal 14: Life Below Water . [21] According to the FAO, Fisheries sustain millions of jobs and often pass down traditions and knowledge from generation to generation. [1] The Goal has ten targets to be achieved by 2030. Finkl, C. W., & Makowski, C. (2010). (2018). United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, "Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development", Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals Report of the Secretary-General, Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, "Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development .:. It's crucial for people to understand the importance of find balance in economic benefits and ecological sustainability. Capacity-enhancing subsidies can only solve immediate poverty conditions for the moment. “Without concerted efforts, coastal eutrophication is expected to increase in 20 per cent of large marine ecosystems by 2050.”[10], Characterized by extinctions, invasions, hybridizations and reductions in the abundance of species, marine biodiversity is currently in global decline. [18], The full title of Target 14.3 is: "Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels". But if these subsidies result in overfishing, undermining the ecological resilience of the resource, there will be no long-term benefits to the communities. The final Floating Plastics Debris Density indicators will be ready by 2020. A Review of Research Needs, "Goal 14 .:. Cai, J.N., Huang, H. & Leung, P.S. [18] This indicator aims to measures the proportion of global fish stocks which are overexploited, fully exploited and not fully exploited. Karim, L. Levin, S. O’Donoghue, S.R. #Envision2030 Goal 14: Life Below Water Imagine the world in 2030, fully inclusive of persons with disabilities Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use … The contribution of sustainable fisheries to the global GDP was around 0.1% per year. Oceans and fisheries support the global population’s economic, social and environmental needs. Rainwater, drinking water and climate are all regulated by ocean temperatures and currents. [37], Sustainable Development Goal 14 has been incorporated into the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD),[38] the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),[39] and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). Share. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. The ocean absorbs about 30 percent of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming. 14. Goal 14 Targets. Campbell, L. M., & Gray, N. J. The amount of plastics in large marine ecosystems are measured based on "a model of surface water circulation and the use of proxy inputs". In Norway, for instance, citizens, working through a web page called finn.no, can earn money for picking up plastic on the beach. On Earth Day, harnessing the power of nature to heal herself. Life below Water . The Goal has ten targets to be achieved by 2030. van Putten, I. E., Plagányi, É. E., Booth, K., Cvitanovic, C., Kelly, R., Punt, A. E., & Richards, S. A. The resulting impacts of rising sea levels by 20 centimeters since the start of the 20th century and the increase of ocean acidity by 30% since the Industrial Revolution has contributed to the melting of ice sheets through the thermal expansion of sea water. Protecting livelihoods and nature on Inle Lake. Pollution and climate change continue to have a major impact on the ocean. (2019). The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Goal 14: Life Below Water. Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. [44], Individuals can help the oceans by reducing their energy consumption and their use of plastics. The setting of protective areas can have negative effects on local fisheries and people's incomes. The ocean covers three quarters of the Earth’s surface and represents 99 percent of the living space on the planet by volume. "[28], Fisheries and aquaculture can contribute to alleviating poverty, hunger, malnutrition and economic growth. In December 2016, the US government officially established the Seafood Import Monitoring Program to address illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing products entering the market. 14 Increased ocean temperatures and oxygen loss act concurrently with ocean acidification and constitute the "deadly trio" of climate change pressures on the marine environment. Improving the health of Southeast Asia's largest lake. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. UNDP is responding to the most pressing issue we face as a species with what we hope will be the largest-ever global survey on climate change. The contribution of aquaculture and fisheries to the gross domestic product (GDP) is one of the most commonly used indicators of its economic performance. 14 [19] When carbon dioxide dissolves into seawater, it forms the carbonic acid (H2CO3). Progress towards each target is being measured with one indicator each. [20], The full title of Target 14.4 is: "By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics".[1]. [26], The full title of Target 14.7 is: "By 2030, increase the economic benefits to small island developing states and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism".[1]. Addressing Criticisms of Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Quantifying the benefits of spatial fisheries management – An ecological-economic optimization approach. [19] This ocean acidification impacts many species especially organisms like oysters and corals. [35], Climate impacts on marine ecosystem services related to primary industries that provide food, income and livelihood to people have direct implications for a range of SDGs. This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.c.1. [3] They are essential for making the planet livable. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. [2], Climate action (SDG 13) is used as a way of protecting the world's oceans. Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. As climate, biodiversity and land degradation are major parts of the issues surrounding the deterioration of marine environments and oceans, it is important to know how each Rio Convention implements this SDG. The deterioration of coastal waters has become a global occurrence, due to pollution and coastal eutrophication (overflow of nutrients in water), where similar contributing factors to climate change can affect oceans and negatively impact marine biodiversity. Sustainable Development Goal 14 (Goal 14 or SDG 14) is about "Life below water" and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. Overexploited fish stocks are unsustainable. "[17] The methodology for ICEP will be developed and ready by 2020. Although many participating United Nations legislative bodies comes together to discuss the issues around marine environments and SDG 14, such as at the United Nations Ocean Conference, it is important to consider how SDG 14 is implemented across different Multilateral Environmental Agreements, respectively. These include poverty, hunger, health, education, climate change, gender equality, Water supply, sanitation, energy, urbanization, environment and social justice. [8] 20 percent of all coral reefs have been destroyed irreversibly, and another 24 percent are in immediate risk of collapse. [31] Concerns regarding ocean health in destructive fishing practices and marine pollution were discussed, in looking at the role of local communities of small island developing States (SIDS) and least developed countries (LDCs) to not forget that oceans are a large part of their economies.[31]. 14. Some countries might use LSMPAs as diplomatic leverage to pursue other advantages. A levels of fish stocks is sustainable if it is underexploited or fully exploited. Changing direction on Myanmar's second largest lake, under threat from climate change and unsustainable farming. [46][47] Improving the oceans contributes to poverty reduction, as it gives low-income families a source of income and healthy food. More than 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. Human activities have led to increased levels of atmospheric CO2. Introduction. The full title of Target 14.c is: "Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of “The future we want"." 14. 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