The significant growth of the Hispanic population is due to immigration to the state mainly from Puerto Rico, which is a US territory, but to a lesser extent from countries such as the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and various Central and South American nations, as well as from the wave of Hispanics leaving New York and New Jersey for safer and more affordable living. A surge in immigration to the U.S. during the late 19th and early 20th centuries provided a steady flow of cheap labor for these industries, which often employed children and people who could not speak English. [21][22][23][24], Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. [200], Another one of Pennsylvania's nicknames is the Quaker State; in colonial times, it was known officially as the Quaker Province,[201] in recognition of Quaker[202] William Penn's First Frame of Government[203] constitution for Pennsylvania that guaranteed liberty of conscience. Among them, these teams have accumulated 7 World Series Championships (Pirates 5, Phillies 2), 16 National League Pennants (Pirates 9, Phillies 7), 3 pre-Super Bowl era NFL Championships (Eagles), 7 Super Bowl Championships (Steelers 6, Eagles 1), 2 NBA Championships (76ers), and 7 Stanley Cups (Penguins 5, Flyers 2). "Lambreville to Bruyas Nov. 4,1696" N.Y. Hist. The Pennsylvanian follows the same route from New York City to Harrisburg, but extends out to Pittsburgh. The Capitol Limited also passes through Pittsburgh, as well as Connellsville, on its way from Chicago to Washington, D.C.[179] Traveling between Chicago and New York City, the Lake Shore Limited passes through Erie once in each direction. The largest city, Philadelphia, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. [139] Counties are further subdivided into municipalities that are either incorporated as cities, boroughs, or townships. Pennsylvania has 18 seats in the United States House of Representatives, as of the 2010 Census. Pennsylvania also has a very large Amish population, second only to Ohio among the states. Erie also has its share of unique foods, including Greek sauce and sponge candy. [59] The Constitution was drafted and signed at the Pennsylvania State House, now known as Independence Hall, and the same building where the Declaration of Independence was signed. College basketball is also popular in the state, especially in the Philadelphia area where five universities, collectively termed the Big Five, have a rich tradition in NCAA Division I basketball. [91] Most blacks live in the Philadelphia area, Pittsburgh, and South Central Pennsylvania. Townships are the third type of municipality in Pennsylvania and are classified as either first-class or second-class townships. Another major east–west route is Interstate 80, which runs primarily in the northern tier of the state from Ohio to New Jersey at the Delaware Water Gap. [176] The state also has a tied record for the largest hunter shot black bear in the Boone & Crockett books at 733 lb (332 kg) and a skull of 23 3/16 tied with a bear shot in California in 1993. State of Independence . [117] Philadelphia is home to six Fortune 500 companies,[118] with more located in suburbs like King of Prussia; it is a leader in the financial[119] and insurance industry. [63], The General Assembly met at Grace Methodist Church on State Street (still standing) until a new capitol could be built. Sport hunting in Pennsylvania provides a massive boost for the Commonwealth's economy. The current Governor is Tom Wolf. The word keystone is from architecture, it describes the central wedge-shaped stone in an arch which holds all the other stones in place. There is one exception to the types of municipalities in Pennsylvania: Bloomsburg was incorporated as a town in 1870 and is, officially, the only town in the state. The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States; it came into being in 1681 as a result of a royal land grant to William Penn, the son of the state's namesake. The elections for Attorney General, Auditor General, and Treasurer are held every four years coinciding with a Presidential election.[134]. Pennsylvania is home to the nation's first zoo, the Philadelphia Zoo. As a result, maps showing the results of statewide elections invariably form a "T" shape. Since 1992, however, the Philadelphia suburbs have swung Democratic; the brand of Republicanism there was traditionally a moderate one. PNC is the state's largest bank and the sixth-largest in the United States. How are U.S. state nicknames … The state is also home to Maple Grove Raceway, near Reading, which hosts major National Hot Rod Association sanctioned drag racing events each year. Twelve other states saw decreases in their White populations. The term Dutch used to mean "German"[104] (including the Netherlands), before the Latin name for them replaced it (but stuck with the Netherlands). Most recently, in the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump became the first Republican candidate to win the state since 1988, winning the state 48.6% to 47.8%. [180] Pennsylvania's only port on the Great Lakes is located in Erie. It supported the losing candidate in a presidential election only twice from 1932 to 1988, (Herbert Hoover in 1932 and Hubert Humphrey in 1968). One unique museum is the Houdini Museum in Scranton, the only building in the world devoted to the legendary magician. In the 2004 Presidential Election, Senator John F. Kerry beat President George W. Bush in Pennsylvania 2,938,095 (50.92%) to 2,793,847 (48.42%). Generally, the total wage tax rate is capped at 1% of income but some municipalities with home rule charters may charge more than 1%. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in Philadelphia, the state's largest city. [19] Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae,[20] Tutelo, Saponi, Shawnee, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—likely among others. Other groups include the Mennonites, the Brethren, and sub-groups within each group, many of whom use cars and electricity. Pennsylvania has a bicameral legislature set up by Commonwealth's constitution in 1790. [63] Its dome was inspired by the domes of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome and the United States Capitol. Among residents age 25 and over, 86.7% have graduated from high school. [138] The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania is the final appellate court. The Congress was the first meeting of the Thirteen Colonies, called at the request of the Massachusetts Assembly, but only nine colonies sent delegates. [140] One county, Philadelphia County, is coterminous with the city of Philadelphia after it was consolidated in 1854. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°52′41″N 77°47′59″W / 40.8781°N 77.7996°W / 40.8781; -77.7996 (Commonwealth of Pennsylvania), This article is about the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Note: Births in table do not add up because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. The Pittsburgh suburbs, historically a Democratic stronghold, have swung more Republican since the turn of the millennium. [150] Residents paid a total of $83.7 billion in state and local taxes with a per capita average of $4,589 annually. [12], Historically, as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape (also Delaware), the Iroquoian Susquehannock, and Petun (also Tionontati, Kentatentonga, Tobacco, Wenro)[18] and the presumably Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Like most nicknames, it is not known, for certain, where this name originated, but there are a few interesting thoughts about how this nickname came to be. June 25, 2008. Other companies such as Herr's Snacks, Martin's Potato Chips, Snyder's of Berlin (not associated with Snyder's of Hanover) and Troyer Farms Potato Products are popular chip manufacturers. [45] Penn established a government with two innovations that were much copied in the New World: the county commission and freedom of religious conviction. It also promoted general employment and prosperity, since the Government used discretion and did not issue too much to inflate the currency. On September 12, 1672, during the Third Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch re-conquered New York Colony/New Amsterdam, establishing three County Courts, which went on to become original Counties in present-day Delaware and Pennsylvania. The Black and African American population grew by 13%, which was the largest increase in that population amongst the state's peers (New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan). In motorsports, the Mario Andretti dynasty of race drivers hails from Nazareth in the Lehigh Valley. At the time it was the most ethnically and religiously diverse of the thirteen States. Rich in historic lore, Pennsylvania territory was disputed in the early 1600s among the Dutch, the Swedes, and the English. Pennsylvania 2010 Population (Estimate): 12,702,379. Pennsylvania offers a number of notable amusement parks, including Camel Beach, Conneaut Lake Park, Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, Dutch Wonderland, DelGrosso's Amusement Park, Hersheypark, Idlewild Park, Kennywood, Knoebels, Lakemont Park, Sandcastle Waterpark, Sesame Place, Great Wolf Lodge and Waldameer Park. [67] The forest is located in the northwest part of the state in Elk, Forest, McKean, and Warren Counties for the purposes of timber production and watershed protection in the Allegheny River basin. The Pennsylvania German language is a descendant of German, in the West Central German dialect family. [68], The Three Mile Island accident was the most significant nuclear accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant history.[69][70]. [179] The port of Pittsburgh is the second-largest inland port in the United States and the 18th-largest port overall; the Port of Philadelphia is the 24th-largest port in the United States. Historically, Democratic strength was concentrated in Philadelphia in the southeast, the Pittsburgh and Johnstown areas in the southwest, and Scranton/Wilkes-Barre in the northeast. The following are the four-year graduation rates for students completing high school in 2016:[164], Additionally, 27.5% have gone on to obtain a bachelor's degree or higher. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean. Illinois State Nicknames. Pennsylvania was in the center of the original 13 colonies (6 above it and 6 below it), and was also central to much of the economic, social, and political development of the country. The Keystone State and the Quaker State. [168][169][170][171] The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts is the first and oldest art school in the United States. [30][31], On March 12, 1664, King Charles II of England gave James, Duke of York a grant that incorporated all lands included in the original Virginia Company of Plymouth Grant plus other lands. Following an architectural selection contest that many alleged had been "rigged", Chicago architect Henry Ives Cobb was charged with designing and building a replacement building; however, the legislature had little money to allocate to the project, and a roughly finished, somewhat industrial building (the Cobb Capitol) was completed. … The current governor of Pennsylvania is Tom Wolf. [151] Additional revenue prospects include trying to place tolls on interstate highways; specifically Interstate 80, which is used heavily by out of state commuters with high maintenance costs. Andrew Curtin's Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps, Civil War 1861–1864, USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Pennsylvania, Energy Data & Statistics for Pennsylvania, Free Original Documents Online: Pennsylvania State Archives 1600s to 1800s, Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development, National Association of Counties (information on each Pennsylvania County), cities with populations exceeding 100,000,, States and territories established in 1787, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles with dead external links from August 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Pennsylvania German-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles to be expanded from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Monthly Average High and Low Temperatures For Various Pennsylvania Cities (in °F), Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 02:13. In the 2008 Presidential Election, Democrat Barack Obama defeated Republican John McCain in Pennsylvania, 3,184,778 (54%) to 2,584,088 (44%). Garden of the West. Origin of State Name: In honor of Sir William Penn, father of William Penn. All judges in Pennsylvania are elected; the chief justice is determined by seniority.[138]. The financial impact of agriculture in Pennsylvania[129] includes employment of more than 66,800 people employed by the food manufacturing industry; and over $1.7 billion in food product export (in 2011). The University of Pennsylvania, located in Philadelphia, is considered the first university in the United States and established the country's first medical school. [174] Other long-accredited AZA zoos include the Erie Zoo and the Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium. Yeah, okay, it's a little rural, and you have to buy your liquor in state stores, and there's no beaches, but at least we're not West Virginia. According to the Association of religion data archives (ARDA) at Pennsylvania State University, the largest religions in Pennsylvania by adherents are the Roman Catholic Church with 3,503,028 adherents, the United Methodist Church with 591,734 members, and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 501,974 members. Pennsylvania’s essential role in the founding of the United States earned it the nickname, the “Keystone State.” The term “keystone” comes from architecture and refers to the central, wedge-shaped stone in an arch, which holds all the other stones in place. All State Nicknames. Of the people residing in Pennsylvania, 74.5% were born in Pennsylvania, 18.4% were born in a different U.S. state, 1.5% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s), and 5.6% were foreign born. Penn State plays its home games in the second-largest stadium in the United States, Beaver Stadium, which seats 106,572, and is currently led by head coach James Franklin. [140] There are 958  boroughs in Pennsylvania, all of which are governed by the "weak mayor" form of mayor-council government. In 1859, near Titusville, Pennsylvania, Edwin Drake successfully drilled the well, which led to the first major oil boom in United States history. [54] Dickinson then wrote Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, To the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, which were published in the Pennsylvania Chronicle between December 2, 1767, and February 15, 1768. Retrieved August 17, 2017. This is a list of nicknames for each of the 50 states of the United States, ordered … It means “Penn's Woodland” State Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Thirty-two of the Commonwealth's sixty-seven counties levy a personal property tax on stocks, bonds, and similar holdings. Statehood: December 12, 1787 (2nd state) Symbols [177] It is overseen by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. [176] The largest bear ever found dead was in Utah in 1975, and the second-largest was shot by a poacher in the state in 1987. [29] In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. Pennsylvania is home to many major league professional sports teams: the Philadelphia Phillies and Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball, the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association, the Pittsburgh Steelers and Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League, the Philadelphia Flyers and Pittsburgh Penguins of the National Hockey League, and the Philadelphia Union of Major League Soccer. Pittsburgh is home to eight Fortune 500 companies, including U.S. Steel, PPG Industries, and H.J. Three of our most treasured documents are associated with Pennsylvania: the Declaration of independence and the United States Constitution (both executed in Philadelphia), and Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. The school was founded by Benjamin Rush and named after John Dickinson. [88][89] Most of the remaining Hispanic population is made up of Mexicans and Dominicans. The total Anabapist population including Bruderhof[110] was 232,631, about two percent of the population. [118] In all, Pennsylvania is home to fifty Fortune 500 companies. [147] The state, however, returned to the Democratic column in 2020 by narrowly voting for Joe Biden, the winner, over Trump. As in the US as a whole and in most states, the largest private employer in the Commonwealth is Walmart, followed by the University of Pennsylvania. The Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine (LECOM) is a private graduate school of medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy with a main campus in Erie, Pennsylvania, and a branch campus located in Greensburg, Pennsylvania (with two other campuses outside of Pennsylvania). A keystone is also featured on the U.S. Mint's Pennsylvania quarter. In 1776, the state's first constitution referred to Pennsylvania as both "State" and "Commonwealth" (either term can be used correctly today). Within the American Soccer Pyramid, the MLS takes the first tier, while the USL-2 claims the third tier. Western areas of the state, particularly locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches (250 cm) of snowfall annually, and the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor run as a ticket in the general election and are up for re-election every four years during the midterm elections. It is true that this nickname was given official status, but not as a nickname. That bank is still in existence today as PNC Financial Services and remains based in Pittsburgh. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; generally speaking, these tornadoes do not cause significant damage. [140] Pittsburgh (305,704) and Scranton (76,089) are second-class and second-class 'A' cities, respectively. [86], There are a total of 56 cities in Pennsylvania, which are classified, by population, as either first-, second-, or third-class cities. The U.S. chocolate industry is centered in Hershey, Pennsylvania, with Mars, Godiva, and Wilbur Chocolate Company nearby, and smaller manufacturers such as Asher's[190] in Souderton,[191] and Gertrude Hawk Chocolates of Dunmore. Pennsylvania Government Resources This local return is filed with the local income tax collector, a private collection agency (e.g. The legislation declares "The Aloha State" Hawaii's official popular name, not a nickname. Pennsylvania shares the designation "Commonwealth" with Virginia, Kentucky and Massachusetts. There they and its primary author, John Dickinson, drew up the Articles of Confederation that formed 13 independent States[58] into a new union. As of 2010, 90.2% (10,710,239) of Pennsylvania residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 4.1% (486,058) spoke Spanish, 0.8% (103,502) German (which includes Pennsylvania Dutch) and 0.5% (56,052) Chinese (which includes Mandarin) of the population over the age of five. [108] Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, is one of the headquarters of the Moravian Church in America. [39] Upland was partitioned on November 12, 1674, producing the general outline of the current border between Pennsylvania and Delaware. [161], Pennsylvania has a mixed health record, and is ranked as the 29th-overall-healthiest state according to the 2013 United Health Foundation's Health Rankings.[162]. [26][27][28] The Dutch were the first to take possession. Heinz. Pennsylvania's nickname is "The Keystone State" because it was the middle colony of the original thirteen colonies, and because Pennsylvania has held a key position in the economic, social, and political development of the United States. The Peace of Breda between England, France and the Netherlands confirmed the English conquest on July 21, 1667,[35][36] although there were temporary reversions. [44], What had been Upland on what became the Pennsylvania side of the Pennsylvania-Delaware Border was renamed as Chester County when Pennsylvania instituted their colonial governments on March 4, 1681. Pennsylvania (/ˌpɛnsəlˈveɪniə/ (listen) PEN-səl-VAY-nee-ə) (Pennsylvania German: Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic, Appalachian, and Great Lakes regions of the Northeastern United States. The first World Series between the Boston Pilgrims (which became the Boston Red Sox) and Pittsburgh Pirates was played in Pittsburgh in 1903. Pennsylvania has seven major airports: Philadelphia International, Pittsburgh International, Lehigh Valley International, Harrisburg International, Erie International, University Park Airport and Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International. April 8, 2011. Currently, there are nine casinos across the state with three under construction or in planning. Pennsylvania state parks do not charge an entrance fee. Some people believe the nickname, the Keystone State, originated from the time when the states were voting for their independence from Britain. [143] Second-class townships can become first-class townships if they have a population density greater than 300 inhabitants per square mile (120/km2) and a referendum is passed supporting the change. [71], In October 2018, the Tree of Life – Or L'Simcha Congregation experienced the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting. Sure, the people can be dumb, but not as dumb as in Alabama. The Three Valleys (Delaware, Lehigh, and Wyoming) and greater Pittsburgh generally vote for Democratic candidates, while the majority of the counties in the central part of the state vote Republican. The center of population of Pennsylvania is located in Perry County, in the borough of Duncannon. There are also 15 publicly funded two-year community colleges and technical schools that are separate from the PASSHE system. Pennsylvania ranks 19th overall in agricultural production. In addition, some local bodies assess a wage tax on personal income. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Pittston, Nanticoke, and Hazleton. [152], Sales taxes provide 39% of the Commonwealth's revenue; personal income taxes 34%; motor vehicle taxes about 12%, and taxes on cigarettes and alcoholic beverages 5%. The Quaker State . The word is of English derivation and refers to the common "weal" (well-being) of the public. Pennsylvania has been known as the Keystone State since 1802,[197] based in part upon its central location among the original Thirteen Colonies forming the United States, and also in part because of the number of important American documents signed in the state (such as the Declaration of Independence). ), and similar holdings in mathematics, 12th in Reading, and Pittsburgh ( 302,407.... 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