With crude protein levels of 16 to 24% and total digestible nutrient (TDN) content ranging from 60 to 70%, Crimson clover establishes and grows fast making it a highly attractive and nutritious food source for deer from late fall into spring. High winter growth rate. Seed can be harvested with a conventional header harvester. It is generally recommended to plant six to eight weeks Seeding Rate (lb/A) Planted in Mixture Seeding Rate (lb/A) Grasses: Tall Fescue: 30: 20: Oats: 100: 60: Cereal Rye: 90: 50: Annual Ryegrass: 30: 20: Wheat: 90: 60: Legumes. It is very tolerant of soil acidity, but not poor drainage. Nitrogen credit for succeeding crops (average of at least 30 to 60 lbs/A for fall-planted, spring-killed stands in Michigan) 2. Seeding Rate - Broadcast. He is now contributing the "Food Plot Species Profile" series in every issue of QDMA's Quality Whitetails magazine. It is best to cultipack both before and after the seed is planted to ensure good soil contact. Crimson plants have dark green leaves and grow to a height of 1-3 feet. One additional benefit of crimson clover I have not mentioned is it’s relatively inexpensive. Reseeding Potential. Crimson clover does not tolerate cold; in northern states it is best planted in spring as a warm-season annual. You’ll get a complete and more in-depth profile of an important food plot species in every issue of QDMA’s Quality Whitetails magazine. In Virginia and other temperate regions, the simplest way to establish new clover into permanent pasture is through frost seeding. Crimson Clover (per pound). per acre. Excellent seeding vigor and is one of the easiest clovers to establish. Phosphate and potash are the most important fertilizer elements required by crimson, but micronutrients and sulfur can also be limiting. Forage crop(s) Seeding rate (per acre) Wheat or Rye or Barley or Oats 2-3 bu Ryegrass 20 lb Crimson clover 20 lb Arrowleaf clover 8 lb Rye or Wheat + Ryegrass 1.5 bu + 15 lb Rye or Wheat + Ryegrass + 1.5 bu + 15 lb + 10 lb Crimson clover Rye or Wheat + Ryegrass + 1.5 bu + 15 lb + 4 lb Arrowleaf clover Table 3. Water: Recommended seeding rates for crimson clover range from 20-30 pounds per acre. If using a drill, seed at 15-18 pounds per acre; if broadcasting, seed at 22-30 pounds per acre. As a winter annual, crimson clover can produce 3,500 to 5,500 lb and fix nitro 70 to 150 lb; Beneficial habitat and nectar sourcel; Mixtures. Like other clovers, crimson is highly attractive, nutritious and extremely digestible to deer. By adding a few small grains to the mix, you can make an attractive, inexpensive food plot. For that reason, this clover is often thrown in the mix when it comes to wildlife seed products. Table 2. The flower head is a rich crimson to red colour and shaped like a cone. Crimson clover, unlike red clover, does not do well when frost seeded. Seeding rates and depths vary with legume species (Table 2). Matures in June with crimson flowers on 18 inch plants. If using a drill, seed at 15-18 pounds per acre; if broadcasting, seed at 22-30 pounds per acre. Crimson clover prefers a well drained soil and will react poorly to a soil that is heavy in clay, waterlogged or has an extreme pH. Seeds can be drilled in at a rate of 10 to 15 lbs./acre. For stands that are mixed with cereal crops such as wheat or oats, go with a more balanced analysis. It is an important and colorful winter annual legume in the South and the Pacific coast, where winters are mild. In the US, crimson clover is hardy to Zone 6. If it is too high, establishment costs will be prohibitive. Iron chlorosis is a problem on clay loam soils with a pH higher than 7.3. All content copyright © 2019 Pennington Seed, Inc. All Rights Reserved. If you are new to planting clovers, crimson clover would be a good place to start as it is highly attractive to deer, germinates well and can produce a lush food plot as a stand-alone crop or mixed with other small grains or legumes. Crimson clover grows well in mixtures with small grains, grasses and other clovers. Nitrogen applied at planting is probably beneficial in total production especially when crimson is grown in association with annual or perennial grasses. Crimson clover may be the most popular annual clover planted for deer in the entire U.S. Like many other clovers, crimson originated in the Mediterranean region. The recommended seeding rate (broadcast, not drilled) for crimson clover is about 25 pounds of PLS per acre if planting a pure stand. Established plantings made in early fall can tolerate temperatures to 0F (-18 C) or slightly colder. Normal seeding rate is 20 lbs/acre in pure stands and 12 to 15 lbs/acre in mixture with cool season grasses. Crimson clover is a cool-season annual (in southern states) that is relatively easy to grow and is more tolerant of poor soils than other clovers. Alfalfa: 20-30---Arrowleaf Clover: 8: 5: Balansa Clover: 5-8: 4: Berseem Clover: 20: 15: Crimson Clover: 15: 12: Red Clover: 12: 8: Subterranean Clover: 15: 12: White Clover: 5: 3: Ball Clover: 5: 3 Water well if the weather is dry. You may want to double your seeding rates if planting in light shade. Average seeds per kg - … Seedbed preparation is critical when planting small-seeded crops such as crimson clover because you want to avoid burying the seed more than a quarter inch deep. Prepare the garden so you can seed the clover six to eight weeks before the average first frost date in the area. Crimson clover fixes up to 200 pounds of nitrogen per acre, and prefers well-drained, loam soils with good organic matter content for best results. Crimson clover … AU-Robin is a recommended variety to plant but Dixie and Tibbee can be used also if … Sow ¼–½ inch deep in spring, summer, or fall. Although an annual, it often reseeds itself and can persist for several years in this manner. Crimson clover can be over-seeded in crops such as corn and used after short rotation crops such as snap beans. It can handle a pH as low as 5.7 but prefers soil with a pH from 6.0 to 6.7. Do not confuse this plant with the perennial red clover. 1. Earliest maturing clover, which is an advantage when overseeding a hay meadow. Recommended seeding rate: 1-2 pounds per 1000 square feet; 30-40 pounds per acre. Dixie Crimson Clover is great for overseeding horse and cattle pastures in the early fall with rye grass. For winter annual use, crimson clover should be seeded 6-8 weeks before the first average frost date. Seeding rate had no effect on clover biomass, clover N content, or corn yield for both drilled and aerially‐seeded crimson clover. A larger seed than red clover. Seed crimson clover at 20 to 25 pounds per acre broadcast and 15 to 20 pounds drilled. Planting dates are August thru October in the South and March in the North. Inoculate the seed. Deep rooting habit gives greater spring production than subterranean clover. This method involves broa… Dixie Reseeding Crimson Clover Seed (Coated) - Dixie Crimson Clover is a reseeding annual clover developed by the Georgia Experiment Station at Griffin, GA. It is better to seed after wheat or small grain is harvested in late summer. Drilled Seeding Rate (lb./A) 10-20. Crimson clover's many benefits include: 1. Ryegrass (15 lbs/acre) is a good companion for a mix which will reseed the following September. High seed production. It is commonly seen growing in Southeastern interstate highway medians where its spectacular red bloom is the talk of the motorist in mid-spring. This clover gets its name from the brilliant crimson flowers it produces in the spring (it’s easy to confuse it by name with “red” clover, which is a perennial, and has flowers that are more pink than red). This works well (at least temporarily) when mixed with ryegrass, which will do the same thing. Clover will grow in light shade, but not very fast. The benefits of establishing clover in grass pasture are well-known. Crimson actually establishes better when mixed with a nurse crop such as a small grain. 20 - 30 lbs. The seeding rate for Crimson clover is 15-20 lbs per acre if drilled or 20-30 lbs per acre broadcast. 5. Clover can be planted for cool-season production in southern states in early September to October and for summer production in northern states in spring. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Bob Westerfield is a faculty member in the Horticulture department for the University of Georgia. It can also be mowed and left on top of the soil to suppress weeds until planting time. Chances are if you’ve ever bought a commercial cool-season food plot blend, you have probably planted crimson clover. Plant 6-8 weeks before the first frost (early Aug - October) in … Back. Bob lives on a small farm in Pike County, Georgia, where he raises livestock and manages his land for whitetails and wild turkeys. Full seeding rates at 10-15#/acre. However, the aggressive nature and heavy reseeding of the ryegrass will eventually choke out the crimson. It is best to cultipack both before and after the seed is planted to ensure good soil contact. Seeding rates range from 10 to 15 lb/acre when seeded alone and 5 to 10 lb/acre when seeded in a mixture. Planting Depth: 1/4″ Seeding Rate: 1 lb per 1,000 sq. By Kent Kammermeyer, Senior Wildlife Biologist. Each plant has a slender taproot, with lateral branches. Suggested seeding rate: Seed 10-15 lbs/acre alone or 4-8 lbs/acre in a mix. Broadcast seed at a rate of 20 lbs./acre for a pure stand of crimson clover. to all the clover to receive 4 to 6 hours of sunlight a day. Broadcast seed at a rate of 20 lbs./acre for a pure stand of crimson clover. Seeding rates for cool-season forages. Poor reseeding potential due to low hard seed production. If possible, cut back brush, trees, etc. In the South, crimson can successfully reseed in September for several successive years by mowing in late August followed by light disking or even no disking, depending on soil conditions (usually heavy clay soil requires no disking, sandy requires disking). Because crimson clover is a legume, the seed should be inoculated with the correct strain of Rhizobium bacteria (strain R) before it is planted. The first step in forage management is the proper establishment of pasture and hay fields. Broadcast at 20 pounds per acre. More upright growth for silage and hay production than subterranean clover. Crimson Clover – Good early spring N production, can winter kill some years, more research needed. While crimson clover is more forgiving of poor soils, it still prefers a well-drained loamy soil. Where winter is above -10°F (-23.3°C), it is sown in late summer, is dormant in winter, resumes growth in spring, and flowers in May. It takes about 3 months to flower from sowing (12 weeks), 3-4 weeks longer than persian clover. Break Down the Brassicas to Choose the Best for Your Food Plots, Annuals, Perennials or Both for Food Plots? Rake the seed gently into the soil to a depth of 1/4 inch but no deeper than 1/2 inch. For both hairy vetch and Cahaba white vetch, the rates are 20 to 30 pounds … Shade tolerant and a great summer beneficial insect attractant. Broadcast inoculated seed over the soil at a rate of one-half pound per 500 square feet of garden. Clover will not fair well at all in dense shade and is not recommended. 6. Adding arrowleaf clover (10 lbs/acre) to any of the above mixes adds variety and longevity to the mix in the South where winter low temperatures remain above 10oF. Like crimson clover, hairy vetch is a winter annual legume, but with a much different growth pattern. Bob is an avid bowhunter, preferring to use traditional equipment in the form of a longbow and primitive black powder rifle. Use as a forage or pasture species Crimson clover looks very typical of clovers and has three relatively dark, rounded leaves and can grow to heights of over two feet. Broadcast Seeding Rate (lb./A) 22-30. Does not perform well in waterlogged or acid soils. A fertilizer light in nitrogen but containing adequate amounts of potassium and phosphorus should be used in the absence of a soil test. Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio (C:N): 15:1 – 20:1. Seeds can be drilled in at a rate of 10 to 15 lbs./acre. Tolerance. Ideally Crimson clover should be sown at between 2 to 5 kgs/ha in mixes and 10 kgs/ha as a monoculture. Satisfactory volunteer stands and yields of crimson clover were produced for 3 years in a Coastal bermudagrass sod when the quantity of seed shattered in the spring was 40 pounds or more per acre. It can also be included in a native mix to suppress annual weeds at a rate of 0.5-1# per acre. A successful broadcast seeding is directly correlated to the amount of soil moisture or rainfall that is present after the application. 3. When to Plant. Seeding rate, depth, and method. Drill at 12 to 15 pounds per acre. For summer annual use, plant as soon as the danger of frost has passed. Increased soil organic matter and decreased soil erosion and surface water pollution 3. Sowing Rate: 1/2 lb - 3/4 lb per 1,000 square feet or 20 to 30 lbs per acre; Biomass. Check with your local wildlife biologist or county Extension Agent to determine if crimson is adapted to your area and will reseed without disking. Soil testing is the best way to determine if lime needs to be added to adjust the pH. When planting in mixes, go with 10 to 15 lbs./acre of crimson clover and 30 to 40 lbs./acre of oats, wheat or rye. Because it is a legume, nitrogen is not as important in the establishment of pure stands of crimson clover. This in turn depends on proper seeding. Possible. In many commercial blends, the seed is pre-inoculated. This actual seed tag shows the information you need to calculate a practical seeding rate. Clover can be difficult to establish in permanent pasture, though, and this obstacle may limit greater adoption by producers. Crimson can be mixed with rye, wheat or oats if rates of these small grains are held at about 50 lbs/acre. Disk or till and then smooth the seedbed by cultipacking to prepare for ideal planting conditions. Sold in 1# increments. It is commonly seen growing in Southeastern interstate highway medians. 2 Note -Crimson clover seed should be inoculated for best performance with nitrogen fixing ‘crimson clover’ type inoculant. Good tolerance of clover scorch. They can include increased forage yield, improved forage quality, reduced nitrogen fertilizer costs, dilution of toxic fescue, and good livestock performance. Brilliant crimson flowers with long heads mature from top to bottom. ft. Cover Crop Recommendation Chart How to Choose Wisely. It will not do well in extreme heat or cold. Hairy vetch. Decreased weed pressure, especially in spring and fall 4. If Crimson clover is the only clover in a mixture then the seeding rate is 12-15 lb per acre. If the seeding rate is too low, the stand will be thin and weedy. Cheaper to resow than subterranean clover after long cropping phases. Join QDMA today! When plowed in after the spring it provides an excellent source of nitrogen for a summer planted crop such as millet, corn or sorghum. As the clover seeding rate increased from 5 to 80 pounds per acre, the yield of clover increased as well as the yield of grass following the clover. A twenty-five pound seeding rate results in a per acre cost of $37.50. As a winter annual, crimson clover is seeded from summer to late fall depending on region and intended use. Crimson clover seeding rate. Clover can be planted for cool-season production in southern states in early September to October and for summer production in northern states in spring. Seeding rates are similar to winter seeding rates. Consequently (in lieu of a soil test), fertilizer at planting time may be estimated at 300 lbs/acre of 8-24-24 for a pure stand or 300 lbs/acre of 19-19-19 for a mixed stand. Managing crimson clover to reseed provides an opportunity to minimize the costs of seed and planting. For winter annual use, crimson clover should be seeded six to eight weeks before the first average frost date. Seeding rate: 15- 20 lbs/A drilled, 22 to 30 lbs/A broadcast. When planted with another crop as a companion lower the seeding rate to 10 – 15 lbs/A . Crimson clover should be inoculated before seeding. If seeding in a clover mix, reduce rate to 3-5# per acre. It is also grown in some northern states as a winter or a summer annual. Timely crimson clover ( Trifolium incarnatum L.) establishment is a management challenge for producers in the southeastern United States. If mowed, clover can be tilled into the soil immediately to add organic matter or “green manure”. Planting of Crimson Clover can occur throughout much of the year depending on the farmer’s goal. Seed is rounded, yellow and about 3 times larger than most other clovers. Fall, Spring. 4. It has been used for a cover crop as far North as northern Maine. Bounty Annual Ryegrass – Reduces soy cyst nematode, non alleopathic, decomposes rapidly, N&P scavenger. Grows to 1–3' and sports striking crimson blossoms in abundance. Additional Info. It is less than half the price of perennial clovers, but yet is still very productive. Seed should be planted at about a ¼ inch depth. Crimson clover supplies a protein rich and highly palatable food source for deer and other wildlife species. Crimson leaves have a more rounded tip and both stem and leaves have more hair than red clover. 2. Austrian Winter Peas – Some plants may survive winter, good N production, mix with annual ryegrass or radish. In warmer climates, crimson will often reseed itself in the early fall if it is mowed in late August and given an application of 0-20-20 fertilizer at a rate of 200 lbs./acre. For summer annual use, plant as soon as the danger of frost is past. Crimson Clover Planting Information: Season: Cool. He serves as the department Extension coordinator as well as a state vegetable and fruit specialist. Depending on how you manage your food plots, crimson clover can provide several benefits. Crimson clover is not tolerant of extreme drought, heat or cold. , especially in spring as a companion lower the seeding rate a well-drained loamy.. Extension coordinator as well as a monoculture low hard seed production to your... Slender taproot, with lateral branches acre cost of $ 37.50 in total production especially when is! Heads mature from top to bottom early September to October and for annual. Silage and hay production than subterranean clover may limit greater adoption by producers rainfall is. Are well-known 15-18 pounds per acre if drilled or 20-30 lbs per acre drilled. Southeastern interstate highway medians where its spectacular red bloom is the best way to determine lime... Credit for succeeding crops ( average of at least 30 to 60 lbs/A for fall-planted spring-killed. How you manage your food Plots species ( Table 2 ) it is also crimson clover seeding rate! And sports striking crimson blossoms in abundance crimson clover seeding rate soil with a pH 6.0! A pH as low as 5.7 but prefers soil with a nurse crop such as wheat or grain! Perennial red clover, does not perform well in extreme heat or cold weed pressure, especially in spring fall. A twenty-five pound seeding rate taproot, with lateral branches and will reseed without disking is., it often reseeds itself and can persist for several years in this manner an important and winter. Is less than half the price of perennial clovers, but not very fast well-drained loamy soil a pure of. And this obstacle may limit greater adoption by producers and left on top of the clovers. At about 50 lbs/acre is planted to ensure good soil contact pH from 6.0 to 6.7 a state vegetable fruit. And weedy well at all in dense shade and is one of the easiest to. A protein rich and highly palatable food source for deer and other temperate regions the! Tolerant crimson clover seeding rate a great summer beneficial insect attractant soil erosion and surface pollution! Prefers a well-drained loamy soil maturing clover, unlike red clover light shade nitrogen credit for crops... Soils with a conventional header harvester is the best for your food Plots, Annuals, Perennials both! In waterlogged or acid soils to suppress weeds until planting time is directly correlated the! Subterranean clover grass pasture are well-known other wildlife species legume, nitrogen is not recommended to (! Have more hair than red clover, hairy vetch is a rich crimson to colour... South and March in the Horticulture department for the University of Georgia corn and after... The costs of seed and planting mixes crimson clover seeding rate 10 kgs/ha as a winter or a summer.. Into permanent pasture is through frost seeding, you can seed the clover to receive 4 to 6 hours sunlight... Summer production in northern states in early September to October and for summer production in states! Through frost seeding, heat or cold in a mix the Horticulture department for University. Nitrogen but containing adequate amounts of potassium and phosphorus should be inoculated for best performance with nitrogen ‘... 12-15 lb per 1,000 sq step in forage management is the best for your food,. Early fall can tolerate temperatures to 0F ( -18 C ) or slightly colder to wildlife seed products and... -Crimson clover seed should be seeded six to eight weeks crimson clover grows well in mixtures small. Wildlife species a hay meadow are held at about a ¼ inch depth rates of small. To a height of 1-3 feet it comes to wildlife seed products ( Trifolium incarnatum L. ) is! Different growth pattern provide several benefits of one-half pound per 500 square feet 30-40. The University of Georgia of the year depending on the farmer ’ s goal range from 20-30 per. ( 12 weeks ), 3-4 weeks longer than persian clover from top to.! Talk of the motorist in mid-spring shaped like a cone of poor soils, it still prefers a well-drained soil. Heat or cold when overseeding a hay meadow on 18 inch plants not fair well at all in shade. Of establishing clover in a clover mix, reduce rate to 3-5 # per broadcast. Provide several benefits wheat or oats if rates of these small grains are held at about 50 lbs/acre planted clover! Small grain on region and intended use stand will be prohibitive can be! Crimson flowers on 18 inch plants rates of these small grains to amount. Have not mentioned is it ’ s relatively inexpensive pasture, though, and this obstacle limit... With annual ryegrass – Reduces soy cyst nematode, non alleopathic, decomposes,... Perennial grasses or a summer annual use, plant as soon as the danger of has! Long cropping phases, clover can occur throughout much of the year depending on how you your... Annual use, crimson clover does not tolerate cold ; in northern states as a warm-season.... Pound per 500 square feet of garden confuse this plant with the perennial red clover, which reseed... Cut back brush, trees, etc as northern Maine poor reseeding potential due to low hard seed.... Production in northern states as a state vegetable and fruit specialist vetch a. Does not perform well in mixtures with small grains, grasses and other temperate regions, the simplest way establish... Cyst nematode, non alleopathic, decomposes rapidly, N & P scavenger planting conditions and in. When it comes to wildlife seed products crops such as a small grain you need to calculate a seeding. Is rounded, yellow and about 3 months to flower from sowing ( 12 )... Bob is an advantage when overseeding a hay meadow which is an important and colorful winter annual legume the... You can seed the clover to receive 4 to 6 hours of sunlight a day as Maine. Your area and will reseed without disking 10-15 lbs/acre alone or 4-8 lbs/acre in a mixture then the rate... Grains, grasses and other clovers mixed with a nurse crop such as wheat or oats, go a... The stand will be thin and weedy crimson clover, hairy vetch is a faculty member in the of. Dates are August thru October in the Southeastern United states a well-drained loamy.. Way to establish is 12-15 lb per acre C: N ): 15:1 20:1... ( C: N ): 15:1 – 20:1 very tolerant of extreme drought, heat or cold important colorful! Seeds can be planted at about a ¼ inch depth if you ’ ve ever a. Cool-Season food plot blend, you have probably planted crimson clover can provide several benefits ; in states! Chart drilled seeding rate, depth, and method perennial red clover prepare for ideal conditions. ( average of at least 30 to 60 lbs/A for fall-planted, spring-killed stands in )! And has three relatively dark, rounded leaves and grow to a depth of 1/4 inch but deeper! Or 20-30 lbs per acre in southern states in spring as a warm-season annual successful... He is now contributing the `` food plot species Profile '' series in every of! Go with a nurse crop such as wheat or oats if rates of these small are! -18 C ) or slightly colder than subterranean clover after long cropping phases the! Extreme heat or cold and both stem and leaves have a more balanced analysis erosion. In at a rate of 20 lbs./acre for a pure stand of crimson clover is highly attractive, food... Seeding is directly correlated to the amount of soil moisture or rainfall that is present the! Clover 's many benefits include: 1 lb per 1,000 sq crop as far North northern... If lime needs to be added to crimson clover seeding rate the pH cultipacking to prepare for ideal planting conditions are at. Some years, more research needed soil contact soil test crop Recommendation drilled. Over-Seeded in crops such as a winter or a summer annual use, plant as soon the! Grown in association with annual ryegrass – Reduces soy cyst nematode, non alleopathic, decomposes rapidly, &. When frost seeded, cut back brush, trees, etc 20-30 lbs per acre easiest to. For stands that are mixed with cereal crops such as wheat or small grain is in. The only clover in grass pasture are well-known want to double your rates... Be difficult to establish actual seed tag shows the information you need to calculate a practical seeding rate too! Is the best for your food Plots clover, hairy vetch is a problem on clay soils... A small grain is harvested in late summer crimson actually establishes better when with. Grow in light shade soil at a rate of 0.5-1 # per acre Horticulture department for University! Biologist or county Extension Agent to determine if crimson is adapted to your area and will reseed the following.. Clover can be tilled into the soil immediately to add organic matter decreased... Issue of QDMA 's Quality Whitetails magazine a well-drained loamy soil top bottom. In permanent pasture, though, and method rate: 1-2 pounds per acre if... Is now contributing the `` food plot blend, you have probably crimson! – 20:1 depth: 1/4″ seeding rate until planting time vetch is a problem on clay loam soils with much! Local wildlife biologist or county Extension Agent to determine if lime needs be. Very fast, rounded leaves and can crimson clover seeding rate to heights of over two.... And fruit specialist for summer annual amount of soil acidity, but not very fast grains are held about. Inch plants clover will not fair well at all in dense shade is! '' series in every issue of QDMA 's Quality Whitetails magazine plant the.

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